The heart of I Corinthians 15:1-4
Written by Jay Yeager
Wednesday, 14 May 2014 00:43

The heart of I Corinthians 15:1-4

The death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ

There is a vast amount of Biblical teaching connected to the death of Christ, his burial in a borrowed tomb and his resurrection on the third day.


The death of Jesus goes far beyond Calvary

“And I shall put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel” (Genesis 3:15). This first subtle hint of a seed and a death would expand to a family and a nation, until ultimately it would find fulfillment with a crucified Jesus.

1.      What promise did God give Abraham (Genesis 22:18)? ___________________

a.       How would the seed become a blessing unto all the nations of the earth? _____________________________________________________

b.      Why did Jesus take human form (Philippians 2:5-8)? _________

c.       How did the devil bruise the heel of Jesus (Luke 22:53)?

d.      How did Jesus bruise the head of the devil (Hebrews 2:14-15; I John 3:8)? ___________________________________________________

2.      What happened when a threat to the seed promise immerged (Galatians 3:19)? ______________________________________________________________

a.       What was that threat (Genesis 26:34-35)? _______________________

b.      How did the law stand as a middle wall of partition (Ephesians 2:14; Deuteronomy 7:2-4)? _______________________________________

c.       How long did the law stand (Galatians 3:19)? __________________

d.      Is there any doubt of what seed was under consideration (Galatians 3:16? __________________________________________________

e.       How are we heirs according to the promise (Gal3:26-29)? ____________

f.        Read and discuss Galatians 3:8; 14

3.      The journey in capsule form:

a.       Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (Genesis 12:3; 26:4; 28:14).

b.      The nation of Israel (Genesis 35:10).

c.       The twelve tribes of Israel (Genesis 49:28).

d.      The tribe of Judah (Genesis 49:10; Numbers 24:17).

e.       The seed of David (II Samuel 7:12-13).

                                                                   i.      The throne of David (Psalms 132:11; Acts 2:30).

f.        Virgin birth (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:23).

g.       The announcement to Mary (Luke 1:30-33).

h.       The birth of Jesus (Luke 2:4-20).

                                                                   i.      The King has come (Matthew 2:1-2)

i.         The forerunner (Isaiah 40:3; Matthew 3:1-3).

j.        The mission and message (Luke 4:18-19; Isaiah 61:1-2).

k.      The Kingdom is at hand (Matthew 3:2; 4:17).

l.         The death of Christ (Matthew 27:26ff).

                                                                   i.      Passover (Exodus 12:3-28; I Corinthians 5:7)

                                                                 ii.      Blood - necessary for the forgiveness of sins (Hebrews 9:22).

                                                                iii.      Jesus is the Lamb of God (John 1:29; 36).

                                                               iv.      The blood of the New Testament (Hebrews 12:24).

                                                                 v.      Redemption is by the blood of Christ (I Peter 1:18-19).

                                                               vi.      Reconciliation unto God is through the cross (Ephesians 2:16).

m.     His resurrection (Mark 16:1-11).

n.       His ascension into heaven to reign at God’s right hand (Acts 1:9-11; Daniel 7:13-14; I Corinthians 15:24-26).

The burial of Jesus

“Thou wilt not leave my soul in hell (Sheol-Hades); neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption” (Psalms 16:10; Acts 2:27; 31).

1.      The body (decays) goes back to the dust (Ecclesiastes 12:7).

2.      The body sleeps in the dust of the earth (Daniel 12:2).

3.      Jesus would die, but his body would not see corruption, he would rise on the third day (John 2:19; Matthew 16:21; 17:22-23).

a.       “And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again” (Matthew 20:19).

4.      They buried Jesus but death could not hold him (Matthew 16:18). The failed attempt (Matthew 27:62-66). The lie to deny the resurrection (Matthew 28:11-15).

5.      No one can retain their soul on the day of death (Ecclesiastes 8:8).


The resurrection of the dead

1.      There will be a bodily resurrection (John 11:25-27; Job 14:12-13; 19:25-27; John 5:28-29; I Thessalonians 4:13-18; I John 3:1-3; Philippians 3:21).

2.      We have a lively hope because of the resurrection of Christ (I Peter 1:3).

3.      The resurrection of Christ is an assurance of a judgment day (Acts 17:30-31).

4.      Scenes of the judgment:

a.       The misled (Matthew 7:21-23).

b.      The sad (Matthew 25:24-30).

c.       The surprised (Matthew 25:1-12).

d.      Those filled with joy (Matthew 25:21; 23).

e.       The fearful (Revelation 6:15-17).

f.        All will be there (Luke 19:16ff).

g.       A time of separation, the wheat and the tares (Matthew 13:24-30). Explained (Matthew 13:37-43).

h.       It will be sudden (I Thessalonians 5:1-3).

i.         Noisy (I Thessalonians 4:13-18).

j.        It will be final (II Peter 3:10-13; Revelation 20:12-15).