The Sermon on the Mount
Written by Jay Yeager
Wednesday, 25 September 2013 15:36


The Sermon on the Mount

(Matthew chapters five through seven)

 Heart - Attitude - Mind - Soul 

Religion without the heart is not religion at all!

1.      Do good to the undeserving – love the unlovable – pray for those who abuse you (Matthew 5:43-45). Love is far reaching:

a.       Love for your enemy (Matthew 5:44).

1.      Examples:

1.      Jesus (Luke 23:34).

2.      Stephen (Acts 7:60).

3.      Paul (Romans 9:1-3; Acts 9:22-23; 14:19; II Corinthians 11:24).

2.  The great commandment (Matthew 22:37-38). Taught in the midst of his enemies (Matthew 22:15-36).

a.       Love for ones neighbor (Matthew 22:39).

1.      Luke 10:25-37 answers the question - who is my neighbor

b.      Love for your mate (Ephesians 5:25; Titus 2:4).

c.       Love for the brethren (Hebrews 13:1; I Peter 2:17; John 13:34-35).

1.      The consequences of failing to love our brethren (I John 2:8-11; I John 3:14-18).

3.      Treasures are to be laid up in heaven (Matthew 6:19-21).

a.       What we keep, we lose. What we give, we keep.

b.      Have you set your affection on things above (Colossians 3:1-2)?

4.      Do not hide malice in your heart for a brother (Matthew 5:21-24).

a.       In malice be children (I Corinthians 14:20).

1.      Kind, tenderhearted and forgiving (Ephesians 4:32).

5.      Deal honestly with all men (Matthew 5:25-26).

6.      Fidelity toward the marriage (Matthew 5:27-32).  Only God must be before your mate. Let God build the house (Psalms 127:1).

7.      The golden rule (Matthew 7:12).


·        Beatitudes – beatitude means “Blessedness or happiness” -Webster’s New World Dictionary- (Matthew 5:1-12):  humility – caring - meekness – righteousness – merciful – pure in heart – peacemakers - innocent in the face of persecution.

    1. Seven beatitudes in the book of Revelation (Revelation 1:3; 14:13; 16:15; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7; 14).
  • Giving and praying for the purpose of worship and reverence offered unto God, not for the attention of men (Matthew 6:1-8).

a.       Giving:

1.      Giving is commanded (I Corinthians 16:1-2).

2.      Giving is personal (II Corinthians 9:6-9).

3.      Giving is a reflection into the heart (Matthew 6:19-21).

b.      Prayer:

1.      Commanded (I Thessalonians 5:17).

c.       Regulated (I Corinthians 14:15-16).

d.      Directed (Ephesians 5:20).

e.       Personal for every Christian (Philippians 4:6).

  • Do not give your word casually.  Our word should be our bond (Matthew 5:33-37). The abuse of swearing is exposed and condemned by Jesus (Matthew 23:16-22).
  • Harsh (unkind and uncensored) judgment (Matthew 7:1-5). Even non-religious people can quote Matthew 7:1. But how many understand the judgment that is commanded and proper (John 7:24)?
  • Do not be over-anxious. God will take care of the faithful (Matthew 6:25-34)
  • The religion of the second mile (Matthew 5:38-42).

f.        The first mile is compulsory

g.       The second is voluntary

h.       Which mile are you traveling?

  • The challenge to rise above the average (Matthew 5:46-48).


(The ability to reason logically – to weigh the evidence)

1.      Priorities (Matthew 6:33). Secondary responsibilities are implied:

a.       To love your mate (Ephesians 5:25; Titus 2:4).

b.      Provide for the family (I Timothy 5:8).

c.       To obey civil law (Romans13:1-7) as long as it does not conflict with God’s law (Acts 5:29).

d.      To provide things honestly in the sight of all men (Romans 12:17).

2.      Knowing – living – and loving the truth (Matthew 7:13; 24-27).

3.      Be honest enough to admit that some believers are lost (Matthew 7:21-23; 14).

4.      The model prayer (Matthew 6:9-15). The proper manner to approach God. A model, not a ritual.

a.       No one today could scripturally pray that prayer. The kingdom has come (Colossians 1:13; Hebrews 12:28; Revelation 1:9).

b.      Prayer is progressive (Matthew 7:7-11).

5.      No man can serve to masters (Matthew 6:24).

a.       Money is so destructive when it rules the heart (I Timothy 6:10).

6.      Jesus taught with authority (Matthew 7:28-29).

7.      Jesus came to fulfill the Law of Moses (Matthew 5:17-20), and he did, removing it on Calvary’s cross (Ephesians 2:12-16; Colossians 2:14; Romans 7:1-4).

8.      Caution – do not give that which is holy unto dogs (Matthew 7:6).


1.      The spiritual part of man out-weighs the physical part of man (Matthew 5:28-30).

2.      Protect your soul from the wolves (Matthew 7:15-20).

Note: God has a soul (Isaiah 1:14; Leviticus 26:11; 30; Matthew 12:18).


1.      Christians will be the salt (preservative) light (influence) to bring glory to God (Matthew 5:13-16).


Questions for Matthew chapters five through seven 

1.      How should Christians respond to our enemies? _______________________

2.      What happens to earthly treasure? _________________________________

3.      How should we act toward malice? __________________________________

4.      Who has to build the house for it to be successful? ________________________

5.      What is the golden rule? __________________________________________

6.      What does the word “beatitude” mean? _______________________________

7.      What is proper judgment? ________________________________________

8.      What are we to seek first? _________________________________________

9.      Can one call themselves a Christian and not be a Christian at all? _____________

10.  Where does the broad way lead? ___________________________________

11.  Where does the narrow way lead? _________________________________

12.  Where did Jesus fulfill the Law of Moses? _____________________________

Thought questions

Name two reasons why it would it be wrong to quote the model prayer:




Why does the spiritual outweigh the physical?



Why is prayer progressive?



Why are we forbidden to give that which is holy unto dogs?


True or false

1.      We ought to draw attention to our giving and prayers __________

2.      Jesus taught differently from the scribes ________________

3.      Christians can influence the world? ________________