Evidence in Favor of God’s Existence
Written by Randy L. Mabe
Sunday, 22 February 2009 19:27

Evidence in Favor of God’s Existence

Randy L. Mabe

It is a distinct privilege and honor to be given the task of expounding the evidences of the existence of God for this great lectureship. It is my sincere desire that all who read this far will continue to the end of this book studying diligently as you proceed. Do not dismiss lightly the evidences and arguments set forth without due diligence in providing greater evidences or showing the fallacies of argument you perceive. It would be beneficial to you to set these in writing in the margins with noted references to sustain your perceptions. Knowing the caliber of men writing and producing this book, and their love for truth, your margins will be relatively free from these notations while notes of commendation will be many.

The evidences in favor of the existence of God are many and powerful. They are powerful enough individually and in concert to move the mind from atheism to theism, if the mind is not closed. Atheists, Agnostics and Free Thinkers trumpet their abilities to think and be open-minded. Either God is, or God is not. There can be no middle ground. Evidence is all around us, so ignorance is no excuse. Closing our eyes and/or mind is unproductive and cowardly. We must prove all things and hold only to that which is good (true). Indeed, come and let us reason together upon the true evidence. Reasonable evidence removes reasonable doubt. True evidence proves a thing to be true.

The purpose of this chapter is not to proselytize you to Christianity but to hold forth evidence and argument for the existence of God. Do not let resistance to Christianity cloud your judgment of the evidence and arguments set forth. It would be admirable, yea noble, if you became a Christian from this study. But the step to theism is the intended goal. I know that the struggle is great and I will put forth valiant effort in the battlefield of your mind. The machinations of the struggle will be words and arguments. The artillery shells will be the powerful thoughts and ideas contained in evidence. The victory will not be in death but change of mind. Perspiration not blood will dampen the brow. Study not marksmanship will consume the energy and be the focus of our labor. I seek your ultimate good and will bring no physical harm. Dear reader, you are my friend.


The very presence of evil is an evidence of the existence of God and that He has communicated with mankind. The atheist often runs to evil as the evidence that there is no God, knowing that God must be omnipotent and omni-benevolent. The atheist sees a contradiction between the existence of evil and these qualities of God. The atheist has run too hastily without realizing that the recognition of evil in the world admits to a standard of good by which we know evil! Immorality does not negate morality but stands in contrast to it. The evidence is that there is a universal standard of good by which societies have, in general, set similar laws against like evil practices. There is not a time in recorded history when murder has not been considered evil and when no law was in place to punish the murderer. You may reject the truth that Cain was the first murderer recorded in Genesis chapter four, through unbelief, but you cannot escape the truth that whenever you choose to begin with mankind murder was known to be evil and was legislated against. Why is this the case? Men like Hitler, Stalin, Jeffrey Dahmer, Dr. Harold Shipman, Fred and Rosemary West, and Charles Manson did not make it so. No murderer has been a true advocate for punishing murderers.

In the absence of an absolute authority evil becomes a very subjective entity. When left to mankind to feel his way through trial and error no successful standard can be found. What is intrinsically evil to me might be acceptable to you. The current abortion debate should illustrate this truth. Is abortion evil? Some say yes and some say no. The law changes accordingly. Murder is still evil, but by what universal authority?

Hitler was a criminal in his quest to promote a superior race by exterminating the despised and unfit (according to his standard). Hitler’s genocide did not violate German law being a German national project. He did not violate the laws of another nation as he was not amenable to the laws of other nations. Yet the majority of the world knew he was a criminal. The law by which he was viewed and proven criminal was universal and authoritative.

Evil no more rules out the existence of God than murderers rule out the lawful nation in which they reside. Both God and the nation of good laws provide the individual with freedom of choice but punish the bad choice of murder by the individual.

“Does evil rule out God? The theist, a believer in God, says NO! The atheist, a denier of God, says YES! Crime in a city does not rule out the godly people who live there. A wayward son or daughter does not rule out godly parents who lived well before them and taught principles of integrity to those children now gone astray. A rebellious student does not rule out an administration, staff, dedicated teachers and serious-minded students in said educational environments.”1

The argument of atheists is:

If there is evil, then there is no God.

There is evil.

Therefore there is no God.

This argument assumes that God and evil cannot co-exist. This assumption is subjectively created and not based in fact. It is actually absurd. Substitute the terms immorality for evil and morality for God and the absurdity shines through clearly like the mid day sun in a clear blue sky. The truth is that immorality can only exist where there is morality, or a standard of morality. Without morality, or a standard of morality, there can be no immorality. A Theist argument would be:

If there is no God, then there is no immorality.

There is immorality.

Therefore there is a God.

Man must look higher than man to find the universal authority of what is good, thus what is not good, evil. The answer lies with the omni-benevolent, omnipotent God. God first legislated against murder as evil, taught us so and holds us accountable to his law. Thus we learn that the existence of evil is evidence that God exists and that He has communicated with us! Evil deeds exist when God’s immutable laws of morality are broken. But do not quake in fear He sent His only begotten Son to redeem all who will obey Him (Heb.5:8-9).


There are universal laws that exist and that are recognized by all. Many of these cannot be violated and describe the continuing state of things. Some may be violated at risk of injury to your person, even unto death. You can utilize the Law of Conservation of Energy by burning paper and watch matter be changed to ashes and gases but not be destroyed. If you are careful with the fire you will not be harmed in the process. But try to jump up and out from the side of the fifty-story Canary Wharf Tower in London and the Law of Gravity will dash you to pieces on the ground. Remember – What goes up must come down! The second law of thermodynamics is also called the Law of Increasing Entropy. Entropy is disorder or chaos. Through a natural process everything moves to greater randomness, chaos or disorder. Clean your room and seal it. When you return ten years later it is dirty and in a more disorderly state. The universe is winding down. As time continues the universe is becoming more chaotic, disorganized. Entropy is increasing in the universe.

In the United Kingdom governmental law concerning driving vehicles directs you to the left side of the road. In America governmental law directs you to the right side of the road. Violate these laws and you may wind up in the hospital or worse. From whence came these laws? These laws came from law makers! The processes of government may be different in the UK than in the US but law makers made the laws! From whence came the universal laws all scientists, and everyone else, observe in our universe? They came from a universal, authoritative, intelligent, omnipotent law maker – God. These greater universal laws of the universe did not “just happen” any more than the driving laws of the UK and the US! Another consideration is that man cannot, does not have the ability, to supersede these universal laws of the universe. If he made them he could negate them. God made them and man cannot negate them.

If there are universal, immutable laws in the universe then there is an omnipotent Lawmaker.

There are universal, immutable laws in the universe.

Therefore, there is an omnipotent Lawmaker.

God denying evolutionists grasp and sharply feel the point of this argument. Here is a reply from James H. Shea, editor of the Journal of Geological Education:

“The most serious problem with this concept grows out of the fact that it uses a metaphor, the Laws that govern or control nature…We seem to believe that there literally are such laws. The concept is anachronistic in that it originated at a time when the Almighty was thought to have established the laws of nature and to have decreed that nature had to obey them…It is a great pity for the Philosophy of Science that the word ‘law’ was ever introduced”.2

Does it change the facts in the body of evidence to simply change the terms defining them? Use the word Principle instead of Law if you choose. The facts remain that these Principles are universal, authoritative, immutable and originated with an omnipotent, universal, authoritative God! Just calling a dog a cat does not change the fact.

Albert Einstein, another atheist, tells Shea and us that these are immutable: “Classical thermodynamics…only physical theory of universal content concerning which I am convinced that within the framework of applicability of its basic concepts, it will never be overthrown.”3 Isaac Asimov, past president of the American Humanist Association, knows these are powerful laws:

“This law is considered the most powerful and most fundamental generalization about the universe that scientists have ever been able to make. No one knows why energy is conserved… All that anyone can say is that in over a century and a quarter of careful measurement scientists have never been able to point to a definite violation of energy conservation, either in the familiar everyday surroundings about us, or in the heavens above or in the atoms within”.4

Let me ask you a question. What finite being has knowledge and can direct the heavens above and the interior of atoms? The infinite God does. “Heaven and Earth shall pass away but my words shall not pass away” (Mat.24:34).


Matter exists in precise forms. How did it get here? How did these forms appear? Atheists are known to lean on the “Big Bang Theory” and “Evolution” for answers to these questions. These remain theories of men though often spoken of as fundamental facts. Neither of these theories journey to the beginning where nothing material existed! Darwin’s evolution doctrines started after reproducing entities existed.

“Although many atheists appeal to naturalistic evolution as a method by which the world could have come into existence apart from God, Charles Darwin himself acknowledged that the process of evolution requires a creator to start the process, Flew said… “Darwin himself, in the fourteenth chapter of The Origin of Species, pointed out that his whole argument began with a being which already possessed reproductive powers," Flew said. "This is the creature the evolution of which a truly comprehensive theory of evolution must give some account. Darwin himself was well aware that he had not produced such an account."5

Do you agree? Maybe you can answer a simple question upon the arrival of mankind. Was the first human a mother or a baby? It is easy for the theist. It was a woman created of God from the rib of a man (Gen.2). Mother Eve preceded baby Cain, Earth’s firstborn (Gen.4:1ff). It is inconceivable to consider a baby appearing without a mother or a mother without first being a baby unless a universal, authoritative, omnipotent, intelligent being produced one either before, or by suspending, or in agreement with the immutable laws now in place that prevents such action today. “Evolution is impotent in dealing with how life arrived. They talk glibly about “the survival of the fittest”. They need to address ARRIVAL before addressing SURVIVAL!”6 I would also point out that the Law of Reproduction is what forbids a baby without a mother or a mother not having been a baby. Everything that reproduces does so after its own kind. Mutants can occur. Hybrids may be forced. But generally kind is not violated. An analogy is where man can on a small scale create conditions that temporarily override the effects of gravity. But he has not negated the Law of Gravity. I offer you the evidence that Genesis chapter one is the reporting of this law designed and commanded by the omnipotent God. Therefore, it is immutable. A close investigation of the atheist evidence manifests frauds such as recapitulation diagrams and moths attached to trees outside their natural environment. These are necessary to attempt to cover the void of transitional forms in the fossil record. There are simply no transitional forms in the fossil record.

“This is Darwin’s biggest problem. ….innumerable transitional forms must have existed but why do we not find them embedded in countless numbers in the crust of the earth? ...why is not every geological formation and every stratum full of such intermediate links? Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely graduated organic chain, and this perhaps is the greatest objection which can be urged against my theory.”7

There is no reasonable evidence to negate the Law of Reproduction or its Maker.

The Law of Increasing Entropy also gives clear evidence to the mirage of evolution. Evolution is utterly impossible in view of the facts.

“Most evolutionists would, of course, acknowledge the validity of the second law of thermodynamics. It would be granted by most any scientist that simple molecules do not normally combine with one another to form extremely complex molecules (decreased entropy) unless the scientists themselves carefully and intentionally supply directed energy in just the right circumstances (carefully arranged by the scientists). Because of the second law of thermodynamics, we do not expect simple molecules to become complex ones in a random fashion.

Thus the only means to maintain the theory of evolution in light of the second law of thermodynamics is to postulate that, while chance combinations of simple molecules into exceedingly complex ones would be very rare, given enough time (billions of years) it could happen. And in fact, it is theorized, this is precisely what happened.

At first glance this hypothesis seems plausible. Julian Huxley's famous argument that, given enough time, a million monkeys typing on a million typewriters would eventually produce a Shakespearean play is based on such thinking. After all, over a period of billions of years surely many extremely improbable events could occur! Perhaps even a systematic and monumental exception to the second law could occur, given a few billion years.

Mathematical Analysis

Fortunately it is not necessary for us to come to a conclusion of such probability on the basis of "It seems (or doesn't seem) reasonable to me." There are relatively simple mathematical techniques that help us get a better handle on the probability of the occurrence of such chance events. All that is necessary is to agree on some basic assumptions.

For example, take the case of the monkeys typing a Shakespearean play. Let us assume one million monkeys typing twenty-four hours a day on one million typewriters having forty keys each. Assume each monkey types one hundred "words" per minute. How long might we expect it to take for one of them to type Othello? Well, let's start with the first few words of Othello, "Never tell me; I take it much unkindly...". The probability of randomly hitting the letter "N" on a typewriter of forty keys is one out of forty. The probability of hitting an "N" followed immediately by an "e" is 1/40 x 1/40 or one out of 1600. The probability of typing "Never" would be 1/40 x 1/40 x 1/40 x 1/40 x 1/40 or about one out of one hundred million. One million monkeys, each typing 500 characters per minute (8.33 characters per second), would type 8.33 x 106 characters per second. Therefore we could expect one of them to type the first word in about 12 seconds (one hundred million divided by 8.33 x 106). However, the first 20 characters and spaces (getting us into the fifth word) would require 4020 divided by 8.33 x 106 seconds. A calculator will quickly show that we could not expect a monkey to type the first four words for over 4 x 1017 years! Astronomers and cosmologists would agree that that's at least 20 million times the age that they themselves assign to the universe! (While the age of the universe is certainly open to debate, virtually all modern cosmologists and astronomers agree that the evidence is overwhelming that the universe could have been in existence no more than 20 billion years.)

So much for monkeys and Shakespearean plays. But what about the complex molecules of life? Let us make some generous assumptions on behalf of evolutionism. Let us assume that: 1— There are 101000 atoms in the universe (astronomers estimate approximately 1080 atoms). 2—There are 10100 collisions per atom per year (scientists say 1020 is closer to reality). 3—One out of every two collisions are in the right combination to produce a mutant to further evolution. 4—All the beneficial mutants survive. No one could argue against the fact that these four assumptions are far more favorable to evolutionism than we find in the real world.

Realize that simple amino acids require the orderly arrangement of about 20 atoms. Proteins, however are far more complex and require the arrangement of approximately 10,000 atoms. And, of course, a DNA molecule is several orders of magnitude still more complex (about 10 billion atoms!). One living cell requires the arrangement of 1015 atoms. A human body has approximately 1024 atoms in an unimaginably complex arrangement!

Given the assumptions above we would expect very large numbers of amino acids to be produced every second. (Therefore it is not surprising that scientists have produced them in laboratory situations after about a week of chance collisions.) But when we examine the probability of a simple protein coming about by chance the numbers become staggering. To claim that obtaining an amino acid by setting up an opportunity for chance collisions of the molecular components shows us how proteins came into existence would be even more monstrous than to give a million monkeys typewriters, let them pound away, discover the word "NEVER," and say, "Aha! Now we know how Shakespeares plays were written!" The age of the universe is many orders of magnitude too small to allow us to expect a chance formation of a protein. And remember, we are assuming that all favorable combinations last until the protein is formed. But now we have carried our assumptions so far that we have to discard the second law of thermodynamics to accept them! Remember, complex entities (e.g. polypeptides) do not of themselves get more complex! They tend to break down. Energy is dissipated. Entropy increases. We cannot expect order to increase by chance. The universal experience of scientists to this effect is formulated in the second law of thermodynamics”.8

Listen to the renowned British mathematician and astronomer Sir Fred Hoyle: The probability of life originating at random is so utterly miniscule as to make it absurd..."9

In every model of the “Big Bang Theory” some matter existed to go “BANG”! The question at hand ought to be a query for a plausible account of where that first particle of matter originated. An unqualified “out of nothing” answer will not suffice. There is a universal law existent that states that matter cannot be created or destroyed but can change in form. This is called the Law of Conservation of Energy. The total quantity of matter and energy available in the universe is a fixed amount and never any more or less. Matter thus cannot come from nothing. This leaves the atheist to conclude that matter is eternal. It has always existed. The quality of eternality demands that it will also always exist. Another problem arises with consideration of the second law of thermodynamics and time. Through natural process things move to randomness, disorder, chaos. Everything will wind down and cease to exist in any useable order. This law disproves the eternal nature of matter in its present, precise form!

The theist argues that God created everything from nothing (Genesis 1; Ex.20:11). But you say, “Wait a minute – all the arguments you just used against the atheist position would apply here as well”! Not so. The difference is that the Creator is also the Lawmaker – God! It is plausible that God created everything from nothing, put it in precise order and then established His laws by which it would operate. This is exactly what God said He did (Gen.1)! God upholds the universe by the word of His power (Heb.1:3). It will collapse when His word goes forth to that end (1 Thess.4:16).

If matter is eternal then the universe is not winding down.

The universe is winding down

Therefore, matter is not eternal.

D.J. Futuyma, evolutionist, writes:

“Creation and evolution, between them, exhaust the possible explanations for the origin of living things. Organisms either appeared on earth fully developed or they did not. If they did not, they must have developed from pre-existing species from some process of modifications. If they did appear in a fully developed state, they must have been created by some omnipotent intelligence”.10

Colin Patterson of the British Museum concurs: “This theory [evolution] has only one main competitor, creation theory, though there are different stories of how the Creator went about His work”.11 “… Have ye not read, that He which made them at the beginning made them male and female…(Mat.19:4).


Complexity demands more than random chance no matter the time! I speak of the complexities of life and the makeup of our human bodies. An elementary understanding of cells, organs, life systems and reproduction should be enough to turn one’s thoughts away from random chance and time to an intelligent creator. But people resist changing from current belief to what they have been known to denounce, by pride if nothing else. But as science advances the evidence gets so strong that people follow the evidence. We must remember that true science and the Biblical record have always been in agreement. The advances in DNA research have been tremendous and the complexity of cellular structure and information contained therein has been great evidence that God exists.

“Each organism contains within its genome not just a few genes, but in most cases thousands or millions. In the human body there are some ten trillion cells, and each cell normally contains 46 chromosomes in its nucleus. Within the set of chromosomes of each cell there are perhaps three million genes composed of nucleotide pairs numbering in the vicinity of about 5 billion….Each of these DNA molecules contains about ten million nucleotide pairs, which constitute the thousands of genes giving the organism its structural and functional characteristics. It should be pointed out that not all genes are operating at one time, but each functions at appropriate times during an organism’s life history. The proteins called histones seem to have an important role in regulating gene action.”12

Sir Fred Hoyle reminds us of the absurdity of thought that a tornado could sweep through a junkyard and leave a working jumbo jet in its wake assembled by random chance by parts blown together from the event. How much greater the absurdity for mankind to acknowledge that the encyclopedia another is studying is a product of intelligent design and manufacture while maintaining that the one living, holding and studying the encyclopedia is a product of mere chance and time through survival of the fittest and repeated trial and error! Hugo McCord illustrates it this way,

“ When one opens a can of soup and finds letters of the alphabet, a maker has to be assumed. If one pours out the contents of the can, the probability is that the alphabet letters would not form themselves into “Thanatopsis” or the Twenty Third Psalm. For those letters to form a poem, more than a maker of the letters has to be postulated; there has to be a planning intelligence, an arranger of those letters”.13

You may be scoffing at my small treatise but would you be so naïve to claim that the letters and words came together by chance and it fell into this book with other treatises on the same theme in a random manner? Now, having accepted that I designed my treatise and produced it would you still maintain that I am a product of mindless, random evolution? The very existence of anything of complexity is evidence of an intelligent designer and maker. The Bible gives us record of this intelligent designer and maker claiming all things in existence. The Bible says, “For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:” (Ro 1:20). God exists.

“Although it is true that the theories of philosophers have and will continue to conflict with the Biblical account of creation, but at no point have the facts of science conflicted with the true teaching of the Bible. The creation of the universe by an intelligent Creator possessing purpose in that which He does accounts for the design beheld in all nature. This universally observed design connotes a Designer. The recognition of such a Creator accounts for the design, purpose and orderliness in the universe; whereas, apart from such recognition there is no adequate explanation of such order and law”.14

If anything exists that is complex and works in precision then it had a designer

and maker.

The universe exists and works in precision.

Therefore, the universe had a designer and creator.

Evolutionist H.J. Lipson from the University of Manchester suggests: “I think however that we should go further than this and admit that the only accepted explanation is creation. I know this is anathema to physicists, as it is to me, but we must not reject a theory that we do not like if the experimental evidence supports it”.15


When you see a series of petroglyphs you immediately realize that information is contained in these drawings. You deduce that at one time this information was transmitted from one to another. Was the sender and/or the recipient a tree in your studied opinion? Of course not! You know, by experience, that information is held and disseminated by intelligent beings. Some person drew those pictures on the rock face for another individual to receive the same thought he had when drawing the picture.

There is information imprinted into every kind of animal on the face of the earth. Different information suited to each species of animal to aid its survival. We call it animal instinct. Where did this information come from? If by evolution when did the first chicken learn to fear and flee a snake so it could pass it on to other chickens to follow? In learning the chicken would find residence in the stomach of the snake! I know this is simplistic and I do not intend to belittle the concept but you get the point of the illustration. Multiply this single piece of survival information by all the survival information imprinted in all the animal kingdom and you start to realize that evolution is impotent to accomplish this task. God claims ownership by creation to all animals and their goings, comings and knowledge (Job 40:15-41:11)! Animals, plants, people all come into existence today by reproducing after the same kind. Nothing has evolved, crossing lines of kind. The more plausible evidence is that God created, imprinted and has knowledge of all animals. He then set the Law of Procreation over the Earth and we witness it even this day.

DNA is information rich though it cannot be seen with the naked eye. It contains information that keeps involuntary systems functioning with precision. It provides information that cells need to monitor and fight invaders in the body. It holds the genetic information from your parents that make you like them in many ways. It probably holds more kinds of information to be discovered than we have already discovered. Information is held and is disseminated from intelligent being to being. From whence did this great body of information come? Who compressed this information in the inward parts so that we can scarcely figure it out? Was it sterile evolution, a mysterious force of some kind or an intelligent, eternal, omnipotent, omniscient God (Job 39:1-2)? The evidence is overwhelming for the existence of God.

If information is communicated only by living beings then the molecular information in our bodies came from a living being.

Information is communicated only by living beings.

Therefore, the molecular information in our bodies came from a living being.


You may find mistakes in this little treatise that range from spelling, punctuation to content. I assure you that I alone am responsible for this product and have checked and rechecked sources and have given due diligence to logical thought in its production. It has gone through the hands of proof readers and editors to correct all matters of grammar, spelling and punctuation. Yet in this chapter and in this book you may find mistakes. Consider the Bible. It was written over a period of 1600 years by about forty writers. Each writer had his own educational level quite different from the others as well as financial and political standings. From farmer to the most educated of their day the writers were different. Most did not know or ever had contact with each other. They wrote independent of each other and in three major languages. Yet their central subject was Jesus Christ and His work. Some prophesied hundreds to thousands of years before the fulfillment of their prophecies. Over three hundred detailed prophecies about Jesus in the Old Testament are fulfilled in the New Testament with minute precision. In geography, science, biology, oceanography and many other subjects they wrote of things that we did not “learn” until just a couple of hundred years ago by capability given by new technology. It has been copied by hand through millennia and translated in all languages. With no error or contradiction of content we have the Bible. These evidences conclude that it is not a product of man but of God who claims authorship.

“A former atheist and hardcore Bible skeptic, Ralph Muncaster spent 15 years conducting research to dispute the Bible. To Ralph, it seemed that the Bible could not possibly be consistent with such sciences as anthropology, molecular biology and physics. Armed with an engineering education and a critical, questioning mind, to his surprise the more he searched, the more evidence he found - evidence that supports the Bible's claims. In 1986, Ralph became aware of the prophetic accuracy of the Bible. He recognized that such precision is "statistically impossible". Investigating the scientific and historical documentation and its consistency with the Bible, he was startled by his findings: manuscripts written thousands of years ago contain information that could not possibly have been known at that time . . . without divine intervention.”16

Evolution’s treatises have grown old and outdated. Some ideas are embarrassing to modern atheists that were modern and accepted as accurate in days gone by, such as embryonic recapitulation. Some have been indicted and convicted as fraudulent in their own day. Imposters have been put forth as “proof”. Time magazine reported in 1993,

“Now this textbook picture of how life originated, so familiar to college students just a generation ago, is under serious attack…increasingly doubtful that clouds of methane and ammonia ever dominated the atmosphere of the primitive earth… If scientists have, by and large, tossed out the old ideas, they have not yet reached a consensus on the new”.17

Evolutionary treatises have never equaled the Bible in beauty or content. The Bible is superior and has stood through the ages. God exists.

If God produced the Bible then it would contain specific true information unknown to man at the time of its writing and would always be true.

The Bible contains specific true information unknown to man at the time of its writing and is still true.

Therefore God produced the Bible.

For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled” (Mat.5:18).


Snap! That is the sound that occurs when the thumb slides off the middle finger and crashes into the index finger of the same hand crisply. The snapping sound is the effect and the mechanics of the thumb and fingers are the cause. Thus cause and effect is illustrated. Whatever begins to exist has a cause. The universe exists. What was the cause? “The existence of the Sun, Moon, planets and stars implies a cause. This is true because of nothing, nothing comes. The fact that something exists shows that a cause exists”.18 You are here. What was the cause?

“Man’s mind is so different from the inanimate things it almost appears to be a separate part of the universe. That man’s mind could be a product of the unthinking world does not appear reasonable. That it is a mere interaction of atoms appears impossible. With his memory man can transcend time. The fact that man can think implies a greater Thinker. Cognition demands a knower. A man’s ability to know is one of the impassible barriers to atheism’s solution of the universe. If a person will allow the force of reason to give him an answer as to the origin of man’s mind, he will be led to a belief in a greater Mind. The only way to disqualify the validity of such reasoning, admitted Charles Darwin, is to indict man’s mind as untrustworthy, which he did. Not only is man a rational being, but evidence in nature portrays a Rational Being at work. Natural phenomena attest a Mind superior, but comparable in its workings, to man’s mind. Unless rationality in nature is repudiated, the evidence of thinking in nature demands a Thinker”.19

Of course we must jump to the beginning and ask what was the First, Great Cause? The effects are everywhere but they are not eternal. Thus they had a beginning. In the beginning what was the cause? The evidence points to the truth of Genesis 1:1, “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.” In the beginning GOD – there is your cause. “Big Bang” and “Evolution” are not intelligent, omnipotent, and cannot be the cause. God is intelligent, omnipotent and was the Cause that spoke and the effects came forth.

You may ask, “Where did God come from”? The answer is, “I Am” (Ex.3:14). God is eternal. He had no beginning. This is a necessity for Him to be the First Cause! Being eternal is a quality that only God possesses. That is one attribute that places him above man and everything else. Omnipotence, omniscience, omni-benevolence and omni-anything can only belong to the eternal source. The work of God in creation, the cause, can be seen as God the Father authorizes, God the Word executes, and God he Holy Spirit organizes and the end product is very good, complete (Gen.1-2). Any god that is not eternal is an idol and no god, except as perceived by the idolater. There is no real power in perception. Real power is true power and comes from the true God. The eternal must be the First, Great Cause. Only God is eternal.

If the first cause must be present before anything exists then it is eternal.

The first cause must be present before anything exists.

The first cause is eternal.

God only is eternal and therefore the First Great Cause. “… Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but He…”(Mark 12:32).


Atheists say they know that God does not exist. Atheist set out to prove that God does not exist. Their task is impossible! It is impossible to prove a negative unless you are omniscient, know everything, and omnipresent, are everywhere at all times. Think of the great British Museum Library, the national library of the United Kingdom. It is one of the greatest libraries in the world and is electronically linked to others. Now, truly how much information that is contained within the British Museum Library is known to you by study and/or experience? Let’s say you were a very knowledgeable genius and knew 1% of that information. Is it possible that God could exist in the 99% of that information that you did not know? Of course, the answer is yes and your proposition is defeated. Now, realize that there is much more information to be known in the world than exists in the British Museum Library! God even tells us that there are some things that He has kept secret from us (Deu.29:29). But all things are known to Him! Do you realize that only one who is eternal even has the opportunity to know all things? If one is not eternal something could have happened before his existence that he did not or could not know! No effect is eternal. Can you name any effect that knows everything? The Source, the First, Great Cause, the eternal God does.

It is possible to know that God does exist without knowing everything under the sun. If not, no one could know God at all because God has kept some things secret. All that is necessary to know a fact is sufficient evidence. Thus we know gravity, the makeup of an atom, places we have never visited and people we have never met. The evidences presented in this small article are sufficient to know that God exists. But this small article will not teach you everything there is to know.

“For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you. God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands; Neither is worshipped with men’s hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things; And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation; That they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after him, and find him, though he be not far from every one of us: For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring. Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man’s device” (Acts 17:23-29).


Who can deny that man is a very religious entity? Observe the yellow pages of any city’s telephone directory and count numerous places where citizens gather to worship. They may worship in different ways, different gods by different beliefs through different books but worship they do. Even the atheist has a religion with man as its object of worship and a hope. Here is a quote of Thomas Nagel by J. Budziszewski,

"I want atheism to be true and am made uneasy by the fact that some of the most intelligent and well-informed people I know are religious believers. It isn't just that I don't believe in God and, naturally hope that I'm right in my belief. It's that I hope that there is no God! I don't want there to be a God; I don't want the universe to be like that”.20

A desire to be unaccountable to more than self and a hope that it is true so the end described by God does not come to pass manifests its lack of value. How empty this religion and those who practice it must be.

No animal has been witnessed with such drive. We are set apart from the animal kingdom in this respect as we are in the thinking arena of life. This part of man is referred to as spirit. It is not a part of the flesh. We do not see it directly but it does exist. Where did it come from? It is unreasonable to assume that it appeared in all mankind mysteriously by chance. It is not material so the atoms did not rush together to form it over eons of time. The existence of our spirit demands the existence of a greater Spirit from whence it came. The Bible says, “God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth”(John 4:24). Also, “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth” (Gen.1:26). A created being (man) made like the Creator (a Spirit) to worship the Great Spirit in spirit and truth. That is very reasonable.


Antony Flew has been a professor of Philosophy in the major universities of the United Kingdom and a leading champion for atheism during his adult life. He has been a champion of atheism in his published books, articles, writings, lecture series and even on the polemic platform of oral debate. He has, through the years, maintained that there is no God and put forth “evidence” to substantiate that claim. In 1976 he wrote that unless compelling reasons for God's existence can be given, there is the "presumption of atheism." He has debated on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean for atheism. He met Thomas Warren in Denton, Texas in September, 1976 and:

“One can read several debates in which Flew argues for atheism against Christian philosophers such as William Lane Craig, Gary R Habermas and Terry L Miethe.[3] In recent years, Flew has been called: 'the world's most influential philosophical atheist.'[4] Writing on the Secular Web, Richard Carrier acknowledges Flew as, 'one of the most renowned atheists of the 20th Century, even making the shortlist of "Contemporary Atheists" at About.com.'[5].”21

Antony Flew has overcome his own resistance to theism by “following the evidence” where it led him. He has moved in mind from strong Atheism to Theism. He is no longer an atheist. He is now a theist! He once affirmed, “I know there is no God”. He now affirms, “I know there is a God”! What reasonable doubts were swept away by reasonable evidence?

“Flew told Habermas that a pivotal point in his thinking was when he realized two major flaws in the various theories of how nature might have created itself. First, he recognized that evolutionary theory has no reasonable explanation for “the first emergence of living from non-living matter”—that is, the origin of life. Second, even if a living cell or primitive animal had somehow assembled itself from non-living chemicals, he reasoned it would have no ability to reproduce”.22

The power of evidence in scientific discovery in the area of DNA was so overwhelming that he could not ignore God any longer. “Yet biologists' investigation of DNA "has shown, by the almost unbelievable complexity of the arrangements which are needed to produce (life), that intelligence must have been involved," Flew says in the new video, "Has Science Discovered God?"23

The Bible is in the stack of Flew’s study books but not yet “the” study book. One wonders if Flew studies the Bible as the inspired Word of God. Reasonably one may conclude that he does not. But that door has been opened by reasonable evidence.

“But a crack is beginning to develop in his opinion that God hasn’t spoken through Scripture. When he reads the first chapter of Genesis, Flew says he’s impressed that a book written thousands of years ago harmonizes with twenty-first-century science. “That this biblical account might be scientifically accurate,” says Flew, “raises the possibility that it is revelation.” A book containing factual statements that no human knew about at the time of writing seems to argue that the authors must have had coaching from the Creator.”24

Notice two quotes from Antony Flew concerning the Bible as a revelation from God to man. These are part of an interview with Gary Habermas who has debated Flew many times while Flew was an atheist.

HABERMAS: Then, would you comment on your “openness” to the notion of theistic revelation?

FLEW: Yes. I am open to it, but not enthusiastic about potential revelation from God. On the positive side, for example, I am very much impressed with physicist Gerald Schroeder’s comments on Genesis 1. That this biblical account might be scientifically accurate raises the possibility that it is revelation

HABERMAS: In God and Philosophy, and in many other places in our discussions, too, it seems that your primary motivation for rejecting theistic arguments used to be the problem of evil. In terms of your new belief in God, how do you now conceptualize God’s relationship to the reality of evil in the world?

FLEW: Well, absent revelation, why should we perceive anything as objectively evil…25

This last quote also gives light to the transition Flew is making from Atheism to theism. He knows there is a God. He is “open” to the idea that the Bible is a revelation from God to man based upon the evidence of Gensis1. But he is holding onto the Atheist objection of evil. God’s revelation will fully answer his objections concerning evil.

Another quote shows us the negative, empty atheistic hope that is still a part of his thinking.

HABERMAS: I agree that near death experiences do not evidence the doctrines of either heaven or hell. But do you think these evidential cases increase the possibility of some sort of an afterlife, again, given your theism?

FLEW: I still hope and believe there’s no possibility of an afterlife 26

Why such a negative hope? If there is an afterlife then every soul will stand before God in Judgment. Some will be eternally blissful with God and most will be eternally separated from God where all sinful, lost, lonely beings will find their torment. (John.5:28-29; Mat.25:31-46; Rev.22:14-15). The common hope of atheism is that there is no God, no afterlife, nothing. Doesn’t this imply that in some measure atheists believe that it is possible God does exist. Isn’t this the belief that generates this negative hope through fear? If they absolutely knew and could prove there is no God by reasonable evidence that removes the reasonable doubt then there would not be this fear driven negative hope! They would know there is nothing after death. God through His revelation, the Bible, is our only reliable source of information for an afterlife. If there is no God then there is no afterlife because there would be no evidence to prove it. Yes, even atheists believe, in some degree, that God exists.


I would not have you think for a moment that Antony Flew is a Christian. He is far from it but how far no man knows. The truth is near him and he is alive. I pray that he is busy continuing his investigation. But remember that our goal is to move you from atheism to theism. Antony Flew made this move based on this evidence. Are you a stronger proponent for Atheism than Antony Flew has been? Are you a stronger thinker than Professor Flew? Do you have access to more atheistic literature, ideas and thought than Mr. Flew? Have you debated and researched more than Professor Flew? What is the reason for your resistance to the evidence at hand that God exists? Have you been a student or supporter of Antony Flew as an outstanding atheist mind? Why not follow the evidence with Antony Flew and be a theist based on the evidence?

“The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God”(Psa.14:1; 53:1). Dear reader, dear friend be reasonable and not foolish.

Randy L. Mabe

Oakey Boulevard Church of Christ

4000 W. Oakey Blvd.

Las Vegas, NV 89102


This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


All Scripture quotations are from the King James Version.

1) Taylor, Robert R. Jr. The Bible Doctrine of Jehovah God, (Abilene, TX:Quality Publications, 2002), p.9.

2) Patton, Don R. Laws of Science, “Laws of Nature”, James H. SheaJuly 10, 2005, <http://www.bible.ca/tracks/dp-lawsScience.htm>

3) Ibid., 1st Law of Thermodynamics; Albert Einstein.

4) Ibid., Isaac Asimov.

5) Roach, David “Famed Atheist Sees Evidence for God, Cites Recent Discoveries”, BP News, December 13, 2004, July 11, 2005 http://www.bpnews.net/printerfriendly.asp?ID=19712

6) Taylor, Robert R. Jr. p.36.

7) Patton Don R. The Fossil Record, “Required Transitional Forms Missing”, July 10, 2005 <http://www.bible.ca/tracks/dp-fosilrecord.htm>

8) Hall, Steve Creation vs. Evolution, 2000, July 10, 2005 <http://www.aboundingjoy.com/2ndlaw-fs.html>© 2000 Steve Hall. Permission is hereby granted to quote from these web pages, in part or in full, as long as the following statement is included: "© 2000 Steve Hall ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ). Quoted by Permission."

9) Ibid.

10) Patton, Don R. What Is Creation Science, “Only Two Positions” D.J. Futuyma, July 11, 2005 http://www.bible.ca/tracks/dp-creationsc.htm

11) Ibid., Colin Patterson.

12) Frair, Wayne F. Why Not Creation, “The Evidence From Biochemistry and DNA Studies For Creative Design”, Lammerts, Walter E. ed., (Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co.: Grand Rapids, MI, 1970), p.271.

13) McCord, Hugo From Heaven or From Men?, (Firm Foundation Publishing House: Austin, TX, 1964) p.7.

14) Hailey, Homer From Creation To The Day Of Eternity – God’s Great Plan For Man’s Redemption (Religious Supply, Inc.: Louisville, KY., 1992), pps.19-20.

15) Patton Don R. Laws of Science, One Adequate Cause, H.J. Lipson.

16) Muncaster, Ralph “Is There Evidence of God’s Existence?”, 2004, July 10, 2005 < http://www.evidenceofgod.com/default.htm>

17) Patton Don R. What Is Creation Science?, “Origins of Life? Bricks, No Buildings?” Miller Experiment Tossed.

18) IBID., McCord p.1.

19) IBID., p.2.

20) Thomas Nagel, The Last Word as quoted by J. Budziszewski in First Things, June/July 2002, No. 124, pg. 28.

21) Williams, Peter “A Change of Mind for Antony Flew”, 2005, July11, 2005 http://www.damaris.org/content/content.php?type=5&id=401

22) Colson, Chuck “Weighing the Evidence: An Atheist Abandons Atheism”, February, 2005, July 10, 2005 http://www.christianexaminer.com/Articles/Chuck%20Colson/Art_Colson_ Feb05.html

23) Associated Press “Famous Atheist Now Believes In God” December 9, 2004, July 10, 2005 http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory?id=315976

24) IBID., Colson, Chuck

25) Hazen, Craig J. “Atheist Becomes Theist” 2004, July 10, 2005 http://www.biola.edu/antonyflew/index.cfm

26) IBID.