The Gospel Record
Written by Jay Yeager
Thursday, 12 February 2009 03:06

The Gospel Record

Four different writers record the gospel; each offers some unique perspective of Jesus Christ. Together they draw a picture of Jesus that is both compelling and undeniable:

  1. His Deity and his humanity (John 1:1; 14)

  2. His power and his authority (Mark 4:35-41; Matthew 7:28-29; 28:18)

  3. His wisdom and his compassion (John 7:46; Luke 7:11-16).

  4. His sacrificial death and his resurrection from the dead (John 10:10-18; John 20:1-31)

The men God chose to write the gospel record

Four men who would present Jesus to the world

  1. Matthew – a tax collector (Matthew 9:9; Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27-29)

    1. Also known as Levi (Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27; 29)

    2. Outside of the call of Jesus to follow him and the supper that followed at Matthew’s house. Matthew is only mentioned by name in the listing of the apostles (Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13).

  1. Mark – the disciple that overcame adversity (Acts 13:13; 15:36-41).

    1. First introduced to the name of John Mark in Acts 12:12. Peter comes to his house after being delivered from prison by the angel. It is there that we also learn that Mark’s mother’s name is Mary.

    2. Later we find out that Barnabas is Mary’s brother and the uncle of John Mark (Colossians 4:10).

    3. There must have been a close relationship between the apostle Peter and Mark, much like the relationship between Paul and Timothy (I Peter 5:13).

    4. Paul comes to value John Mark as well (Philemon 24; II Timothy 4:11).

  1. Luke – the beloved physician (Colossians 4:14) is the writer of the book of Acts as well (Luke 1:3; Acts 1:1).

    1. Theophilus means “Friend of God” or “Lover of God”

    2. Luke joined the missionary team during Paul’s second missionary journey. Although his name is not mention in the book of Acts, Luke does include himself in the record (Acts 16:10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20:5; 6; 13; 14; 15; 21:1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 10 et. al.).

    3. Paul acknowledges Luke as a faithful and valued friend of the cause of Christ (Colossians 4:14; Philemon 24; II Timothy 4:10).

  1. John - the fishermen (Luke 5:1-11).

    1. One of John the Baptist’s disciples (John 1:35-40)?

    2. John along with his brother James and Simon Peter are commonly referred to as the inner three. Because of the closeness to Jesus they were present during extraordinary times:

      1. The Mount of Transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-5)

      2. The closest to him in the garden the night of his betrayal (Matthew 26:36-46).

      3. The only ones permitted to be present at the raising of Jairus’ daughter (Luke 8:49-56; Mark 5:22-43)

      4. The miraculous catch of fish (Luke 5:1-11)

    3. John, the apostle Jesus loved (John 13:23; 19:26; 20:2; 21:7; 20)

    4. On the cross, Jesus gave the care of his mother to John (John 19:25-27).

The emphasis of each book

Matthew – the kingdom (Matthew 3:2; 4:17; 10:7)

  1. Parables concerning the kingdom:

    1. The sower and the seed (Matthew 13:3-9)

      1. The parable explained (Matthew 13:18-23)

    2. The wheat and the tares (Matthew 13:24-32)

      1. The parable explained (Matthew 13:37-43)

    3. The treasure hid in a field (Matthew 13:44)

    4. The pearl of great price (Matthew 13:45-46)

    5. The net (Matthew 13:47-52)

    6. The unmerciful servant (Matthew 18:23-35)

    7. The labourers in the vineyard (Matthew 20:1-16)

    8. The marriage feast (Matthew 22:2-14)

    9. The ten virgins (Matthew 25:1-13)

    10. The talents (Matthew 25:14-30)

    11. The sheep and the goats (Matthew 25:31-46)

  2. Peter would be given the keys of the kingdom (Matthew 16:18-19)

    1. Peter used those keys to open the door of the kingdom:

      1. To the Jews on Pentecost (Acts 2:1-47)

      2. To the Gentiles at Cornelius’s house (Acts 10:1-48)

Mark – the power of Jesus

  1. Over demons (Mark 1:23-27; 5:1-13)

  2. Over sickness (Mark 1:29-31)

  3. Over Leprosy (Mark 1:40-42)

  4. Over sin (Mark 2:3-11)

  5. Over physical deformity (Mark 3:1-5)

  6. Over the elements (Mark 4:36-41)

  7. Over substance (Mark 6: 36-44; 8:1-9)

  8. Over death (Mark 5:21-43)

  9. Over Hades (Mark 9:31; John 10:17-18)

Luke – Jesus the man and much more (Luke 2:46; 52)

  1. Luke offers the only accounts we have of:

    1. The birth of John – the forerunner (Luke 1:5-64; Isaiah 40:3; Malachi 3:1; 4:5-6)

    2. The announcement given to Mary by the angel Gabriel (Luke 1:26-38)

    3. Joseph and Mary as they travel to Bethlehem (Luke 2:1-5)

    4. The birth of Jesus in the stable and the angelic announcement (Luke 2:6-14)

    5. The visit of the shepherds (Luke 2:15-20)

    6. The presentation of Jesus at the temple (Luke 2:21-38)

      1. Simeon (Luke 2:25-35)

      2. Anna (Luke 2:36-38)

    7. Jesus at the age of twelve (Luke 2:41-52)

  2. Jesus began his ministry at the age of thirty (Luke 3:23). Luke’s genealogies begin with Joseph and travel back to Adam (Luke 3:23-38).

John – The Saviour of the world (John 4:42; I John 4:14)

  1. Deity took human form (John 1:1; 14)

  2. The Lamb of God which takes away the sins of the world (John 1:29; 36)

  3. The light of the world (John 8:12; 9:5)

  4. Jesus has the words of eternal life (John 6:68)

  5. The resurrection and the life (John 11:25-26)

  6. The One Shepherd who offers eternal life (John 10:27-28)

  7. Through Calvary, Jesus would draw all men to him (John 12:32)

  8. The way, the truth, the life (John 14:6)

The distinct nature of each book

The book of Matthew

The generations of Jesus Christ (Matthew 1:1):

  1. The son of David – Jesus is the King (II Samuel 7:12-13; Psalms 132:11; Luke 1:30-33)

  2. The son of Abraham – Jesus is the Saviour of the world (Genesis 12:3; 22:18; Galatians 3:8; 14; 16)

    1. Rahab (Joshua 6:23; Hebrews 11:3; James 2:25) and Ruth (Ruth 1:4; 4:13-22) (both Gentiles) are included in the genealogy of Christ. Both demonstrated a great faith in God!


Joseph and Mary were engaged to be married - a promise equivalent to a marriage vow (Deuteronomy 22:23-24)

  1. A promise Joseph thought Mary had violated (Matthew 1:18)

  2. Joseph did not want to publish what he considered a broken vow (Matthew 1:19)

  3. The angel appears unto Joseph to give him the assurance that this was a miraculous conception, the fulfillment of Isaiah 7:14 (Matthew 1:20-23).

    1. Jesus would save his people from their sins (Matthew 1:21)

  4. Joseph did not know Mary in the physical sense until after Jesus was born (Matthew 1:24-25).

The visit of the wise men, and the vanity and fear of a king (Matthew 2:1-18)

  1. The wise men from the East (Matthew 2:1-12; Genesis 25:6)

    1. The star in the East (Numbers 24:17; Isaiah 60:3)

    2. Bethlehem, the birth place (Matthew 2:5; Micah 5:2)

  2. Power can take on a terrible face, and so it does with Herod!

    1. The deception of Herod, “I want to worship him also” (Matthew 2:7-8)

    2. The rage of Herod – the murder of the children two years and under (Matthew 2:16-18; Jeremiah 31:15)

  3. The visit of the wise men to the house where Jesus was (Matthew 2:11-12)

  4. Joseph, warned in a dream, flees to Egypt until Herod is dead (Matthew 2:13-15), the prophecy of Hosea 11:1 is thus fulfilled.

  5. The return to the city of Nazareth in Galilee (Matthew 2:22-23)

    1. For the stigma attached to Galilee see: John 1:46; 7:41-42; Mark 14:70; Acts 2:7; 4:12-13

John, the forerunner, and the baptism of Jesus (Matthew 3:1-17; Isaiah 40:3; Malachi 3:1; 4:5-6; Matthew 17:10-13; Luke 1:17)

  1. The power of John’s preaching (Matthew 3:5)

  2. The ax is laid at the root (Matthew 3:7-10)

  3. The dialog between John and Jesus (Matthew 3:13-15)

  4. The baptism of Jesus and the acknowledgement of the Father, “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased” (Matthew 3:16-17).

The temptation of Christ and the beginning of his public preaching (Matthew 4:1-25)

  1. The devil finds no convert in Jesus (Matthew 4:1-11)

    1. The three avenues through which the devil operates (I John 2:15-17)

      1. The lust of the flesh – stones to bread

      2. The lust of the eye – the kingdoms of the world and the glory of them

      3. The pride of life – if you are the Son of God, cast yourself down.

  2. The kingdom of heaven is at hand (Matthew 4:17)

    1. Two sets of brothers: Peter and Andrew/ James and John (Matthew 4:18-22)

  3. Jesus preached the gospel of the kingdom (Matthew 4:23). It was to be preached to all the world (Matthew 24:14).

The Sermon on the Mount

The character of those who would be a part of the kingdom. Beatitude means “Blessedness or Happiness” (Webster’s New World Dictionary)

Heart – Mind – Soul


  1. Do good to the undeserving – love the unlovable – pray for those who abuse you (Matthew 5:43-45).

  2. Treasures are to be laid up in heaven (Matthew 6:19-21)

    1. What we keep, we lose. What we give, we keep.

  3. Do not hide malice in your heart for a brother (Matthew 5:21-24).

  4. Deal honestly with all men (Matthew 5:25-26)

  5. Fidelity toward the marriage (Matthew 5:27-32). Only God must be before your mate.

  6. The golden rule (Matthew 7:12)

Mind (attitude)

  1. Beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12): humility – caring - meekness – righteousness – merciful – pure in heart – peacemakers - innocent in the face of persecution.

  2. Giving and praying for the purpose of worship and reverence offered unto God, not for the attention of men (Matthew 6:1-8).

  3. Do not give your word casually. Our word should be our bond (Matthew 5:33-37). The abuse of swearing is exposed and condemned by Jesus (Matthew 23:16-22)

  4. Harsh (unkind and uncensored) judgment (Matthew 7:1-5). Judgment that is commanded and proper (John 7:24)

  5. Do not be over-anxious. God will take care of the faithful (Matthew 6:25-34)

  6. The religion of the second mile (Matthew 38-42).

    1. The first mile is compulsory

    2. The second is voluntary

  7. The challenge to rise above the average (Matthew 5:46-48)

Mind (the ability to reason logically – to weigh the evidence)

  1. Priorities (Matthew 6:33). Secondary responsibilities are implied:

    1. To love your mate (Ephesians 5:25; Titus 2:4)

    2. Provide for the family (I Timothy 5:8)

    3. To obey civil law (Romans13:1-7) as long as it does not conflict with God’s law (Acts 5:29)

    4. To provide things honestly in the sight of all men (Romans 12:17)

  2. Knowing – living – and loving the truth (Matthew 7:13; 24-27)

  3. Be honest enough to admit that some believers are lost (Matthew 7:21-23; 14).

  4. The model prayer (Matthew 6:9-15). The proper manner to approach God. A model, not a ritual

    1. No one today could scripturally pray that prayer. The kingdom has come (Colossians 1:13; Hebrews 12:28; Revelation 1:9)

    2. Prayer is progressive (Matthew 7:7-11)

  2. No man can serve to masters (Matthew 6:24)

  3. Jesus taught with authority (Matthew 7:28-29).

  4. Jesus came to fulfill the Law of Moses (Matthew 5:17-20), and he did, removing it on Calvary’s cross (Ephesians 2:12-16; Colossians 2:14; Romans 7:1-4).

  5. Caution – do not give that which is holy unto dogs (Matthew 7:6)


  1. The spiritual part of man out-weighs the physical part of man (Matthew 5:28-30).

  2. Protect your soul from the wolves (Matthew 7:15-20)


  1. Christians will be the salt (preservative) light (influence) to bring glory to God (Matthew 5:13-16).

Multitudes follow Jesus – and no wonder!

  1. A leper who knew Jesus could make him clean (Matthew 8:2-4)

    1. “Lord, if thou will, thou canst make me clean, I will; be thou clean”

  2. The healing of the centurion’s servant (Matthew 8:5-13)

    1. The centurion demonstrated a “great faith” (Matthew 8:10)

    2. Decrees of faith:

      1. Little faith (Matthew 16:8; 14:31)

      2. No faith (Mark 4:40)

      3. Strong in faith (Romans 4:20)

      4. Full of faith (Acts 6:5)

      5. Great faith (Matthew 8:10; Matthew 15:28)

        1. Note: The two times that Jesus speaks of a “great faith” both were non-Jews.

  3. Peter’s mother-in-law sick with a fever (Matthew 8:14-15; I Corinthians 9:5)

  4. Jesus, of course, had the power on earth to forgive sins, and exercised that power on occasion (Matthew 9:6; Luke 7:48)

  5. The call of Matthew and dinner at Matthew’s house (Matthew 9:9-13)

  6. Jesus is the great physician that every accountable soul needs!

  7. Two blind men that see with greater clarity than those with sight (Matthew 9:27-31).

  8. The harvest truly is plenteous, but the labourers are few (Matthew 9:37-38)

  9. The twelve apostles named (Matthew 10:2-4)

  10. The limited commission - to the lost sheep of Israel (Matthew 10:5-15)

    1. Preach the gospel of the kingdom – miraculous ability to confirm the message.

      1. Heal the sick

      2. Cleanse the lepers

      3. Raise the dead

      4. Cast out devils

  11. Verbal inspiration (Matthew 10:16-20)

  12. Fear not them that can only kill the body (Matthew 10:28)

  13. Will you confess or deny Christ (Matthew 10:32-33)?

  14. Complete devotion required (Matthew 10:34-39)

  15. John sends two disciples – not for his benefit, but for theirs (Matthew 11:2-17)

    1. The high praise given to John – heaven’s recognition of his devotion

    2. However, John was never privileged to be a part of the kingdom.

  16. The great invitation – given by the Saviour himself (Matthew 11:28-30)

  17. Jesus’ power over the devil (Matthew 12:24-29; Hebrews 2:14-15)

    1. The false accusation of the Pharisees.

  18. There is no middle ground (Matthew 12:30)

  19. Blaspheme against the Holy Spirit (Matthew 12:31)

    1. They had rejected the Father (I Samuel 8:7; Malachi 1:6; 10)

    2. They had rejected the Son (John 1:11

    3. If they reject the gospel of Christ revealed by the Holy Spirit (John 14:26; 16:13), nothing else remains.

  20. Three days in the belly of a fish, three days in the earth (Psalms 16:10; Acts 2:27; 31)

  21. When one is made clean through the gospel (Acts 22:16), they must fill themselves with good, or evil will come home again (Matthew 12:43-45)

  22. The spiritual family of Christ is elevated (Matthew 12:47-50; I Timothy 3:15; Hebrews 3:6)

  23. The brothers of Jesus are named (Matthew 13:55-56)

  24. Jesus walks on water – and for a time, with the permission of Jesus, Peter does so as well (Matthew 14:22-33)

  25. Binding where God has not bound is not new to our day (Matthew 15:1-6)

    1. Wash your hands before you eat – a law given through tradition

    2. The same traditions would set aside God’s Law of honoring the parents, a single word “Corban” would justify disobedience to God (Matthew 15:4-6; Mark 7:11)

  26. Every plant which my Father hath not planted shall be rooted up (Matthew 15:13)

  27. Watch what comes out of your mouth (Matthew 15:16-20)

Jesus would build His church

  1. “I will build, my church” (Matthew 16:18)

  2. The blood of Christ would be the purchase price (Acts 20:28)

  3. Peter would be privileged to open the door of the kingdom (Matthew 16:19)

    1. To the Jews (Acts 2:5-41)

    2. To the Gentiles (Acts 10:25-48)

    3. He would have to learn a valuable (howbeit painful) lesson in the meantime (Matthew 16:21-23)

  4. The value of a soul (Matthew 16:26)

  5. The scene on the mount of transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-8)

    1. This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him”

  6. Jesus obeyed civil law (Matthew 17:27)

  7. We all need the heart of a child (Matthew 18:3; I Corinthians 14:20; Ephesians 4:31-5:1)

  8. How brethren are to settle personal matters (Matthew 18:15-17)

  9. The parable of the unmerciful servant – forgiving is a must (Matthew 18:22-35)

  10. Christ’s law on marriage – divorce and remarriage (Matthew 19:3-9)

  11. The parable of the labourers hired to work in the vineyard (Matthew 20:1-16)

The final week in the life of our Saviour


The triumphant entry into Jerusalem (Matthew 21:2-16; Mark 11:1-10; Luke 19:28-40)

  1. Jesus is “The prophet” out of Nazareth (Deuteronomy 18:15-18; John 6:14; Acts 3:18-22)

  2. Hosanna means “save, we pray”

  3. Matthew records the cleansing of the temple (Matthew 21:12-13)

  4. The chief priest and scribes are upset by what they hear (Matthew 21:16).

    1. Hearest thou what these say?”

    2. Answer “Out of the mouths of babes” See Matthew 11:25, in other words, those who trust completely in God

    3. Jesus retires to Bethany with the twelve (Matthew 21:17; Mark 11:11)


  1. Jesus places a curse on the barren fig tree (Matthew 21:18-19; Mark 11:12-14)

  2. Jesus cleanses the temple for the second time (Mark 11:15-18; Luke 19:45-46)

  3. In the evening Jesus goes out of the city (Mark 11:19)

Tuesday – a day of much activity

The authority of Jesus is challenges (Matthew 21:23-27; Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:1-8)

  1. “By what authority doest thou these things? And who gave thee this authority? (Matthew 21:23)

  2. Jesus answered their question with a question and told them in essence - I will answer your question if you answer me first. “The baptism of John, whence was it? From heaven, or from men? They could not answer honestly for two reasons (Matthew 21:25-27). 1. They had rejected the commandment of God, inasmuch as they refused to be baptized at the hands of John (Luke 7:30). 2. They feared the people because they held John as a prophet.

  3. Therefore, Jesus refused to answer their question.

The Jewish attempt to trap Jesus

(Matthew 21:15-40; Mark 12:13-27; Luke 20:19-38)

Money – Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not” (Matthew 22:17-21)

  1. The Jewish hatred for paying taxes to Caesar carried over to those who collected the taxes. Publicans were put on the same level with the sinners (Matthew 9:9-11; Luke 19:7).

  2. The Dilemma: To answer “Yes” would have put Jesus on the level of the publicans in the Jewish eyes.

  3. To answer “No” would have put at odds with the Roman government

Show me the money. Whose is this image and superscription? (Or inscription). Jesus makes them say the word “Caesar”. Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s”

The resurrection – The Jewish law required that if a man married and died before having children, the widow was not to marry a stranger, but his brother in order to carry on the family linage (Deuteronomy 25:5). God took that responsibility seriously. When Onan refused to raise up seed to his brother, God smote him dead (Genesis 38:9-10).

The Sadducees presented a scenario of a woman married to seven brothers, and wanted to know whose wife she would in the resurrection. Ironically, those posing the question did not believe in the resurrection (Matthew 22:23; Acts 23:8).

Two things were terribly wrong with the question:

  1. They erred not knowing the scriptures

    1. The Old Testament taught the resurrection (Job 19:26-27; Daniel 12:2)

    2. There will be no marriage in heaven – it is a spiritual realm, not a physical one.

  2. They did not know the power of God

    1. Have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying I am the god of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living”.

    2. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were physically dead but very much alive!

Jesus has a question for them

What think ye of Christ? Whose son is he? They said unto him, the son of David. The Lord said unto them, how then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? If David called him Lord, how is he a son?” (Matthew 21:42-45)

  1. They would acknowledge the first part – The humanity of Jesus

  2. They would not acknowledge the second part – The Deity of Jesus

  3. They dared not ask any more questions

  1. The stinging rebuke of the scribes and Pharisees (Matthew 23:1-33)

  2. The destruction of Jerusalem foretold (Matthew 24:1-34)

  3. The second coming (Matthew 24:36-51)

  4. Scenes of the judgment (Matthew 25:1-46)

    1. Ten virgins (Matthew 25:1-13)

    2. Talents (Matthew 25:14-30)

    3. The sheep and goats (Matthew 25:31-46)


A day with no activity


  1. The discourse in the upper room (John 13:1-17:26)

  2. The betrayer departs (John 13:21-30)

    1. The fulfillment of Psalms 41:9 – betrayed by a friend

    2. Thirty pieces of silver is the selling price (Matthew 26:14-15; Exodus 21:32)

  3. The Lord’s supper instituted (Matthew 26:26-28)

  4. The scene in the garden (Matthew 26:30-56)

    1. Jesus prays to the Father (Matthew 26:39; 42; Luke 22:42-45)

      1. An angel appears to strengthen him

  5. The kiss of death (Matthew 26:48-49 Luke 22:47-48)

The mock trial – a kangaroo court

  1. Before Annas (John 18:12-13)

  2. Before Caiaphas (Matthew 27:57-75)

  3. Jesus told Peter he would deny him three times (Matthew 26:33-35), and the last verses of Matthew 26:74-75 closes with the fulfillment. Peter goes out and weeps bitterly.


  1. The trial before Pilate (Matthew 27:18-19) – I find no fault in this man (Luke 23:4)

  2. Before Herod – Nothing worthy of death (Luke 23:15)

  3. Mobs do not think – they only follow, “let him be crucified” (Matthew 27:23-25)

The crucifixion

  1. They crucified our Lord (John 19:18)

  1. Darkness that covered the earth (Matthew 45; Amos 8:9)

  2. The earth quaked, the rocks rent – the veil in the temple rent (Matthew 27:51)

  3. The centurion and those with him understood the meaning, “Truly this was the Son of God” (Matthew 27:54)

The seven last saying of Christ:

  1. Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do” (Luke 23:34)

  2. Woman, behold thy son! Behold thy mother” (John 19:26-27)

  3. Verily I say unto thee, to day thou shalt be with me in paradise” (Luke 23:43)

  4. I Thirst” (John 19:28)

  5. My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” (Matthew 27:46)

  6. It is finished” (John 19:30)

  7. Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit” (Luke 23:46).

The resurrection appearances

  1. Mary Magdalene (Mark 16:1-9; John 20:11-18)

  2. The other woman (Matthew 28:9)

  3. Peter (Luke 24:34)

  4. Two disciples on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24:13ff)

  5. Five disciples in the upper room (John 20:19ff)

  6. The same disciples with Thomas present (John 20:26-29)

  7. Above five hundred ( I Corinthians15:6)

  8. James (I Corinthians 15:7)

  9. Seven men (John 21:2)

  10. The disciples on the Mount of Olives (Acts 1:9-11)

  11. The apostle Paul (Acts 9:1-9; I Corinthians 15:8)

The Book of Mark

The book of Mark is the shortest of the four records of the gospel; Mark does not cover the birth or early years of Jesus, as does Matthew and Luke. Rather, Mark goes straight to the beginning of the public proclamation of the gospel, and affirms the Deity of Christ. “The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God” (Mark 1:1).

The forerunner preparing the way for Jesus (Mark 1:1-8), as was foretold in the Old Testament (Isaiah 40:3; Malachi 3:1).

  1. John preached the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins (Mark 1:4); of course, this is to be understood in anticipation of the blood which Christ would be shed on Calvary’s cross (Matthew 26:28)

    1. The blood of Christ went backward as well as forward (Romans 3:25; Hebrews 9:15).

    2. Without the shedding of blood there is no remission of sins (Hebrews 9:22)

    3. Jesus offered one sacrifice for sins forever (Hebrews 10:12)

  2. The number who responded to the preaching of John is significant (Mark 1:5; Matthew 3:5); notably, with the exception of those who were supposed to lead, they rejected the council of God against themselves (Luke 7:29-30)

  3. John, living rough as cob is pointing to the one who would come after him (Mark 1:6-8; John 3:30).

The baptism of Jesus (Mark 1:9-11)

Matthew is the only one to record the conversation between Jesus and John (Matthew 3:13-15)

The temptation of Jesus (Mark 1:12-13)

  1. The temptation recorded by Mark is only two verses. Matthew (Matthew 4:1-11) and Luke (Luke 4:1-13) are the most detailed, while John does not mention the temptation at all.

The time is at fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel” (Mark 1:15). The kingdom of heaven and the kingdom of God are the same in this context (Matthew 3:2; 4:17)

The call of four fishermen, two sets of brothers: James and John, Peter and Andrew – “Come ye after me, and I will make you to become fishers of men” (Mark 1:16-20)

The man in the synagogue with an unclean spirit (Mark 1:23-27).

  1. A strange place for a man possessed?

  2. The devils know who Jesus is “What have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? Art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God”.

    1. Humans who serve the devil (either wittingly or unwittingly) are not as aware.

      1. World religions (Acts 4:12)

      2. Those who are ignorant (II Peter 3:3-5)

      3. The rebellious (Job 21:14-15; Luke 19:14)

      4. Those who do not love the truth (II Thessalonians 2:10-12)

  3. The cruelty and fear of the unclean spirit. “When the unclean spirit had torn him, and cried with a loud voice, he came out of him”.

    1. Demons know where they will be for eternity (Matthew 25:41), but being sent into the abyss (bottomless pit) until the time of judgment frightens them all the more (Matthew 8:29; Luke 8:31; Revelation 9:1).

Sabbath day confrontations

  1. The disciples pluck and eat corn on the Sabbath (Mark 2:23-28; Matthew 12:1-8; Luke 2:23-28).

    1. They did not violate the intent of the law – the Sabbath was made to benefit man, not to deprive him of nourishment. A day of rest from the toils and labour of life.

    2. David and his men when they were hungry ate the showbread (I Samuel 21:1-7). They justified David, for they held David as a prophet, and he was (II Samuel 23:2; Acts 1:16; 2:29-30).

    3. Plucking the corn was not unlawful (Deuteronomy 23:25)

    4. Jesus is the Lord of the Sabbath, he had authority over it.

  2. The man with the withered hand (mark 3:1-5)

    1. Jesus becomes angry at the hardness of the hearts of those who care nothing for the crippled man, only an excuse to accuse Jesus of wrong. Righteous anger is not a sin (Ephesians 4:26).

The twelve apostles recorded (Mark 3:14-19)

  1. Simon surnamed Peter

  2. James and John surnamed Boanerges – the sons of thunder

The unclean spirits fall before Jesus, “…and cried, saying, thou art the Son of God” (Mark 3:11), while many of the chief rulers who believed, would not confess him (John 12:42-43)

  1. Not all who believe will be saved!

The first of only four parables recorded in Mark

  1. The parable of the sower given and interpreted (Mark 4:1-20)

  2. The parable of the seed (Mark 4:26-29)

  3. The parable of the mustard seed (Mark 4:30-32)

  4. The parable of the wicked husbandmen (Mark 12:1-11)

Take heed what you hear (Mark 4:24)

The man of the Gadarenes (Mark 5:1-19)

  1. A man abused by the unclean spirits that possessed him

  2. He saw Jesus and ran and worshipped him

  3. The unclean spirit cries out in a loud voice and said, “What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God, that thou torment me not”

  4. Legions were in possession of this man

  5. The plea to enter the swine – and the herd ran violently into the sea and were drowned

  6. The people marveled at the man who is now in his right mind and they were afraid.

  7. They requested that Jesus leave their coast – Jesus does not stay were he is unwanted.

  8. The request of the man to go with Jesus and the denial. “Go home and tell thy friends what great things the Lord hath done for thee”. The needs of the many outweighed the needs of the one! This man could do more for the cause of Christ right where he was.

Jairus’ daughter raised to life (Mark 5:21-43)

  1. The woman with an issue of blood (Mark 5:25-34)

    1. Twelve years of bleeding - many physicians, her money gone, and her condition only getting worse. “If I may touch but his clothes, I shall be whole”

Jesus in his own country (Mark 6:1-6)

  1. The family of Jesus mentioned (Mark 6:3)

  2. The Jewish reaction. “Is this not the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? And are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him”

  3. A prophet is not without honour save in his own country!

The beheading of John (Mark 6:14-31). Mark is the only writer that gives us the details behind John’s death.

  1. John told Herod that it was unlawful for him to have Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife.

    1. They were married by civil law (Mark 6:17)

    2. Their marriage was not recognized by God.

  2. Herodias – the fury of a woman scorned

    1. The enticing dance of her daughter, Salome leads Herod to promise up to half his kingdom.

    2. Salome seeks her mother’s advice, and is told promptly to request the head of John in a charger.

  3. I wonder if John knew why he was being put to death?

  4. Jesus is told what was said and what was done.

The miraculous feed of five thousand men with five loaves and two fishes (Mark 6:36-44)

Jesus departs into a mountain alone to pray (Mark 6:45-46), he returns walking on water in the midst of a storm. The disciples seeing him are afraid and troubled. Immediately, Jesus comforts them by saying, “Be of good cheer: it is I; be not afraid”

Heartless worship is empty – following the commandments of men makes worship vain (Mark 7:1-13)

The feeding of four thousand with seven loaves and a few small fishes (Mark 8:1-9)

Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, Herodians and Sadducees (Mark 8:14-21; Matthew 16:6-12 see Mark 12:13)

  1. They reasoned among themselves, “It is because we have no bread”.

  2. Jesus reminds them of the miraculous feeding of the five thousand and four thousand.

  3. How is it you do not understand?

    1. In Matthew’s account we find that they did come to understand that Jesus spoke to them about the doctrine of Pharisees and Sadducees (Matthew 16:12)

The healing of the blind man (Mark 8:22-26)

  1. The partial and the complete

  2. The man was not born blind – he saw men walking like trees

    1. John 9:1-41 is the account of a man born blind and made to see, the significance is found in verse 32.

The kingdom of God would come in the lifetime of some of those who heard Jesus speak (Mark 9:1).

We are given the exact day when we put together four verses (Mark 9:1; Luke 24:49; Acts 1:8; 2:1-4)

The cruelty and stubbornness of unclean spirits is seen again (Mark 9:20-29):

  1. The boy possessed as a child

  2. The unclean spirit would cast him into fire and water

  3. The Father’s plea “Lord I believe, help thou mine unbelief”

  4. The foul spirit came out violently

John forbids one because he is not of the twelve (Mark 9:38)

  1. Jesus had other disciples besides the twelve (Luke 10:1-20)

  2. Had that attitude remained unchallenged then Paul, Barnabas, Timothy and others would have been hindered from serving.

Hell described (Mark 9:43; 45; 47) – tormented without rest forever is stated here. See also (Revelation 14:11).

God created man from the beginning of creation (Mark 10:6). There are not eons of time between the creation of the world and the creation of man!

The rich young ruler (Mark 10:17-22; Matthew 19:16-22)

  1. Good Master, what must I do to inherit eternal life?

  2. Does he understand the Deity of Christ?

    1. Jesus questions his use of good Master

  3. Jesus points to the commandments

  4. The young man replies, all these I have observed from my youth

  5. Jesus looked upon this man in love!!

    1. But told him the one thing he lacked – he loved his possessions more than he loved God and more than his own soul.

    2. Sell what you have, and give it to the poor, take up your cross, and come follow me.

  6. Faced with the choice, the young man walks away.

    1. Please note, Jesus does not call him back, or make it less demanding, God must be before all things (Matthew 22:37-38)

  7. Do not trust in uncertain riches (Mark 10:24; I Timothy 6:17)

    1. They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches; none of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him” (Psalms 49:6-7). Gold and silver cannot buy a soul (I Peter 1:18-19).

    2. Two things have I required of thee; deny me them not before I die; Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with the food convenient for me: Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the Lord? or lest I be poor, and steal, and tale the name of my God in vain” (Proverbs 30:7-9).

True greatness is in serving others (Mark 10:35-45)

  1. James and John make a request of Jesus – give us to sit on your right and left hand in glory. In other words, give us the positions of honour. See (Matthew 23:6)

  2. The baptism of suffering

  3. The ten heard of the request and were displeased with James and John.

  4. The chiefest of all will be the servant of all.

  5. Be like your Master – Jesus came not to be ministered to, but to minister and give his life as a ransom for many.

Not far from the kingdom (Mark 12:28-34)

  1. After the Pharisees and Sadducees failed in their attempts to trap Jesus with their questions, a scribe heard them reasoning together and perceived that Jesus had answered them well.

    1. He asks Jesus what is the greatest commandment of all? Jesus answers “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment. And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these” (Mark 12:30-31).

  2. When the scribe acknowledged the truth of what Jesus said, “Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he: And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbor as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices”

  3. Jesus saw that he answered discreetly (carefully – yet with understanding), Jesus said “Thou art not far from the kingdom of God”.

The common people heard him gladly (Mark 12:37)

The widow with two mites (Mark 12:41-44; Luke 21:1-4)

  1. Jesus calls his disciples and makes note of this woman – she gave more than they all. Others gave from the abundance, she gave all she had

  2. Two mites = 1 ½ cents. It takes 17 cents to make one penny. One penny equals a days wages (Matthew 20:9)

Persecution is an uncomfortable reality for every Christian (Mark 13:13; II Timothy 3:12; I Peter 4:12-16)

No one knows when Jesus is coming again (Mark 13:32-33)

  1. Jesus will come as a thief in the night (I Thessalonians 5:1-3; II Peter 3:10)

The high priest puts the question directly to Jesus, “Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? And Jesus said, I am….” (Mark 14:61-62)

  1. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am” (John 8:58; Exodus 3:14)

  2. Jesus asks the blind man he had given sight to, “Doth thou believe on the Son of God? He answered and said, Who is he Lord, that I might believe on him? And Jesus said unto him, Thou hast both seen him, and it is he that talketh with thee. And he said, Lord, I believe. And he worshipped him” (John 9:35-38).

Simon a Cyrenian compelled to carry the cross, the father of Alexander and Rufus (Mark 15:21; Romans 16:13).

Mark 16:1-2 offers a clear distinction between the first day of the week and the Sabbath day.

  1. Mary Magdalene is an eye-witness to the resurrected Christ, and she goes to tell his disciples, but they do not believe her (Mark 16:1-11)

  2. Jesus rebukes them for their unbelief (Mark 16:14)

The gospel is to be preached to every creature – he that believes and is baptized shall be saved (Mark 16:15-16)

The signs that were to follow to confirm the word (Mark 16:17-20; Hebrews 2:2-4).

The book of Luke

Luke is the only writer that gives the background for both the birth of John and the birth of Jesus. One hundred and fourteen verses are given for our information and study.

In the days of Herod, king of Judaea, Luke introduces us to the parents of John the Baptist.

  1. Zachariah was a priest of the course of Abia, the eighth of twenty-four priestly courses that were assigned the duties of the temple (I Chronicles 24:1-18). Each course served a week twice a year, and they all served for four weeks.

    1. The first month of the Jewish calendar is the month of Abib (Exodus 12:2; 13:4; 23:15), which corresponds with our month of April. Therefore, Zachariah would have served in the months of June and December.

    2. Zacharias was serving in the order of his course (Luke 1:8), either June or December.

  2. The angel Gabriel (Luke 1:19) appears unto Zachariah and the announcement stunned him to be sure. Namely, that Elisabeth was going to conceive and bear a son and Zacharias was to name him John.

  3. The character and mission of John is stated:

    1. For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb. And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God. And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord” (Luke 1:15-17). Tie together the following verses to get a complete picture (Malachi 4:5-6; Matthew 11:11-14; 17:10-13; Luke 1:17).

  4. Because of his and Elisabeth’s age, Zacharias is doubtful, and left speechless for not believing the angel Gabriel (Luke 1:18-20).

  5. Zacharias goes home after his duty is completed and Elisabeth conceives. She hides herself for five months, but she is elated because God has taken away her reproach (Luke 1:26).

Six months goes by and again the angel Gabriel appears, this time to a virgin engaged to Joseph of the house of David, whose name was Mary (Luke 1:26-35).

  1. The message astounding:

    1. And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blesses art thou among women. And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast her mind what manner of salutation this should be. And the angel said unto her, fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call him JESUS. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end” (Luke 1:28-33).

  2. The miraculous conception declared (Luke 1:34-35; Isaiah 7:14)

    1. The seed of a woman (Genesis 3:15; Galatians 4:4)

  3. With God nothing is impossible (Luke 1:37; Jeremiah 32:17; Matthew 19:26)

  4. The angel Gabriel shares the information about Elisabeth, and we learn that Mary and Elisabeth are cousins (Luke 1:36).

The visit of Mary with Elisabeth (Luke 1:39-56):

  1. John leaps in the womb upon the news that Mary is with child (Luke 1:41).

  2. Elisabeth speaks prophetically (Luke 41-45)

    1. The mother of my Lord (Luke 1:43)

    2. The babe leaped (in the womb) with joy at the news.

  3. Mary stays with Elisabeth three months (Luke 1:56)

Elisabeth delivers and brings forth a son (Luke 1:57-80)

  1. The family rejoices with her (Luke 1:58)

  2. Circumcised on the eight day (Luke 1:59-64)

    1. The time to name the child and Elisabeth said his name is John

    2. The family thinks the son should be named after the father

    3. Zacharias weights in and said, his name is to be called John

      1. The tongue of Zacharias is loosened and he spake and praised God.

  3. What manner of child is this, the hand of the Lord is upon him (Luke 1:66)

  4. Zacharias prophecy about the coming of the Christ and the mission of his son to prepare the way for the Lord (Luke 1:67-80).

The birth of Jesus (Luke 2:1-39):

  1. A tax levied by Caesar Augustus, required all to return to their own city to be enrolled (Luke 2:1-3)

  2. Joseph, being from the linage of David returns from Nazareth in Galilee, to the city of David (Bethlehem). Mary far along with child accompanies her husband Joseph (Luke 2:4-5).

  3. There is no room at the inn for the expecting mother (that could still be said in the lives of many) – so the Son of God is born in a stable (Luke 2:6-7).

  4. The angel visit the shepherds in the field (Luke 2:10-14):

    1. And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. And this shall be a sign unto you; ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger. And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of heavenly host praising God, and saying, Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men”.

  5. The visit of the shepherds to the stable (Luke 2:15-20)

  6. Jesus, circumcised on the eight day (Genesis 17:12), his name called “Jesus” (Luke 2:21)

  7. When the days of purification (40 days Leviticus 12:1-4) were passed (Luke 2:22)

  8. Jesus is brought to the temple (Luke 2:23-39)

    1. The words of Simeon (Luke 2:25-35)

    2. The words of Anna (Luke 2:36-39)

Jesus at the age of twelve (Luke 2:40-52)

  1. The child grew in strong in spirit, filled with: wisdom and the grace of God was upon him”

  2. The parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the Passover (Luke 2:41-52)

    1. Three feasts every male was required to attend (Deuteronomy 16:16)

    2. They were returning home when they found Jesus was not with them (Luke 2:43-44)

    3. They frantically return to Jerusalem to find him, and they do, after three days, in the temple hearing the doctors and asking them questions. And they that heard him were astonished at his understanding and wisdom (Luke 2:46-47).

    4. Mary rebukes him, the fear of a parent who has lost a child, no doubt coming through. Although one might ask, “How could you go a whole day’s journey not knowing that your son is missing?”

  3. Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man (Luke 2:52)

John’s ministry (Luke 3:1-22):

  1. John teaching and baptizing

  2. The people ask John what shall we do (Luke 3:10-14)

  3. John points to Jesus as the one who would come after him

  4. John imprisoned (Luke 3:19-20)

Jesus’ ministry in Galilee (Luke 3:23-9:50):

  1. Jesus at the age of thirty (Luke 3:23).

  2. The genealogies beginning with Joseph and going back to Adam (Luke 3:23-38)

  3. The temptation of Christ (Luke 4:1-13)

  4. Jesus in Nazareth where he had been brought up (Luke 4:16-30)

    1. Jesus, in the temple, reads from the prophet (Isaiah 61:1-2), and after he is finished when all eyes are upon, he said, “This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears” (Luke 4:21)

  5. They wondered at his words and said, “Is not this Joseph’s son?” (Luke 4:22)

  6. No prophet is accepted in his own country (Luke 4:23-30) – To illustrate:

    1. There were many widows in Israel during the great famine, but Elijah was only sent to a Gentile woman (Luke 4:25-26)

    2. There were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha, yet, Naaman a Syrian was the only one cleansed (Luke 4:27)

    3. All in the synagogue was offended at his words, and were ready to physically harm him! Proving his point

  7. I must preach the kingdom of God in other cities also – Jesus preached in the synagogues of Galilee (Luke 4:43-44)

  8. Launch out into the deep for a draught (catch) (Luke 5:1-11)

    1. Jesus taught the people out of Peter’s boat

    2. Peter told to launch out into the deep – “Master we have toiled all night, nevertheless at thy word”!

    3. The partners called to help with the overwhelming catch

    4. James, John, Peter and Andrew were fishing partners

    5. They forsook all and followed Jesus

  1. Lending, loving and mercy (Luke 6:31-36)

  2. Why call me Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?” (Luke 6:46)

  3. The widow of Nain (Luke 7:11-16)

    1. Out dead back alive

    2. And there came a fear on all: and they glorified God, saying, that a great prophet is risen among us; and, that God hath visited his people”

  4. The Pharisees and Lawyers rejected the council of God against themselves, being not baptized of him” (Luke 7:30)

  5. Simon the Pharisee, invited Jesus into his home, and there we meet the uninvited guest whose life was changed forever (Luke 7:36-50).

  6. Mary Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils (Luke 8:2-3; Matthew 27:55; Luke 24:1-10; Mark 16:1-10)

  7. Take heed how you hear (Luke 8:18)

Jesus going toward Jerusalem (Luke 9:51- 19:27)

  1. James and John want to call down fire from heaven (Luke 9:51-56)

  2. Lord, I will follow thee, whithersoever thou goest”

    1. No turning back (Luke 9:62)

  3. The limited commission to the seventy (Luke 10:1-20)

    1. Names written in heaven (Luke 10:20; Philippians 4:3; Hebrews 12:23; Revelation 13:8; 17:8; 20:12-15)

  4. The good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37)

    1. Who is my neighbor?

  5. Martha, a frustrated woman (Luke 10:38-42)

    1. One thing is needful!

  6. Teach us to pray (Luke 11:1-4)

  7. Fill up your life with good, or evil will come home (Luke11:24-26)

  8. Blessed is the womb that bare thee” (Luke 11:27-28)

    1. Yea, rather, blessed are they which hear the word of God, and keep it”

  9. The rich farmer (Luke 12:15-21)

    1. Never in a million years did he think that tonight was his last night on earth

      1. Judgment can happen in a heart beat (James 4:14; Psalms 90:9-10)

    2. Rich in every way but toward God is not being rich at all (Proverbs 13:7)!

  10. Degrees of punishment (Luke 12:47-48).

  11. Love Jesus above all others (Luke 12:51-53; 14:26)

  12. The fig tree that refused to produce (Luke 13:6-9)

    1. The tree was where it should be, just not doing what it should be doing

    2. The Master looks for fruit

    3. There is an end to patience

  13. Strive to enter the straight gate (Luke 13:24-27)

  14. Lessons on humility (Luke 14:8-11)

    1. One must go down to come up (Proverbs 15:33)

  15. Excuses (Luke 14:16-24)

    1. Work for a time, then what?

  16. The cost of discipleship (Luke 14:27-33)

  17. The lost and found chapter (Luke 15:1-32)

    1. Lost sheep (Luke 15:1-7)

    2. The lost coin (Luke 15:8-10)

    3. The lost younger son (Luke 15:11-24)

    4. The hardened heart of the elder son (Luke 15:25-32)

  18. The parable of the unfaithful servant (Luke 16:1-12)

    1. Contrast between:

      1. The children of the world – and the children of light

      2. Faithful and unfaithful

      3. Mammon (money) and true riches

    2. Commended the unjust servant:

      1. He was wise – inasmuch as he acted quickly

      2. He was a realist – faced the hard facts

      3. He thought of the tomorrow - planned for the future

  19. The only view we have of Hades (Luke 16:19-31)

    1. Two men lived and two men died

    2. The fortunes of these two men were reversed in death

    3. The rich man was in torment

    4. Lazarus was comforted

    5. There is a great gulf that separates the two compartments

    6. No comfort can be given to those in torment

      1. Not even a message for those who are yet alive

    7. The word is sufficient to either save or condemn (II Corinthians 2:15-16)

  20. Forgiveness is essential to our own salvation (Luke 17:3-4)

  21. Service is expected (Luke 17:7-10)

    1. The lesson is so impressive – certain things are just expected from a servant!

  22. Ten lepers made clean, only one showed genuine appreciation (Luke 17:11-16)

  23. Remember Lot’s wife, do not look back (Luke 17:32; Genesis 19:17-26)

  24. Parables on prayer (Luke 18:1-14)

    1. Be persistent in prayer

    2. Be humble in prayer

  25. Zacchaeus (Luke 19:1-10)

    1. Jesus came to seek and save the lost!

Jesus in Jerusalem (Luke 19:28-24:53)

  1. The parable of the vineyard is a vivid illustration of the Jewish rejection of the Son of God (Luke 20:9-18)

  2. The need for patience (Luke 21:19)

    1. For ourselves and for others

  3. When Jesus observed the Passover with the disciples, each had their own container (Luke 22:15-17)

  4. The devil desired to have Peter, Jesus had prayed for him (Luke 22:31-32)

  5. The thief on the cross (Luke 23:41-43)

  6. The two disciples on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24:13-35)

  7. All things in the Law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms were fulfilled concerning Christ (Luke 24:44).

The book of John

Only Begotten Son of God

The Deity and humanity of Christ (John 1:1; 14)

  1. The Deity of Christ set forth in this book (John 1:1-3; 8:58; 20:28)

  2. Jesus is the Son of God (John 1:34; 49; 6:69; 9:35-38; 11:27; 20:31)

  3. Jesus is the Only begotten Son of God (John 1:14; 18: 3:16; 18; I John 4:9)

  4. Jesus is the Lamb of God (John 1:29; 36; I Peter 1:18-19)

    1. Jesus is our Passover (Exodus 12:3-10; I Corinthians 5:7 See Exodus 12:46; Numbers 9:12; Psalms 34: 20)

  2. The Word was made flesh and dwelt among us” (John 1:14; Galatians 4:4; Philippians 2:6-11; I Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 2:14)

Two of John’s disciples follow Jesus (John 1:35-51)

  1. Andrew and John (?). If this is John, and most believe so, it would not be strange for his name not to appear. In every book which bears John’s name as the writer, his name is absent.

  2. Andrew finds his brother, Simon Peter, and tells him, “We have found the Messiah” (John 1:41)

  3. Jesus tells Philip to follow him (John 1:43)

  4. Philip finds Nathanael and said unto him, “We have found him, of whom Moses in the Law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph” (John 1:45)

  5. Can any good thing come out of Nazareth? One good thing sure did!!!!

Jesus with his family in Cana of Galilee (John 2:1-11)

  1. The first miracle of Jesus – He changed water into wine (unfermented – not fermented). Drinking alcohol is never spoken of favorably in the scriptures (Proverbs 20:1; 23:29-35).

  2. His disciples believed on him (John 2:11)

Nicodemus comes by night (John 3:1-13)

  1. Nicodemus is only mention in the book of John (John 3:1-13; 7:50-53; 19:38-42)

  2. One must be born again (John 3:3-5; 6:63; I Peter 2:21; Titus 3:5)

    1. Water (baptism) and the spirit (the word of truth)

John, The forerunner

  1. Baptized near AE-non because there was much water there (John 3:23)

  2. He (Jesus) must increase, but I must decrease (John 3:30)

Jesus had the Spirit without measure (John 3:34)

  1. The baptismal measure given to the apostles (Acts 1:8; John 14:26; 16:13), and in a limited extent to the household of Cornelius (Acts 11:15-16)

  2. The miraculous measure through the laying on of the apostles hands (Acts 8:14-19; 19:1-7; Romans 1:11; II Timothy 1:6)

  3. The non-miraculous measure given to every Christian (Romans 8:11; I Corinthians 6:19-20)

Jesus at Samaria (John 4:1-42)

  1. The Samaritan woman at Jacob’s well:

    1. True worship (John 4:23-24)

    2. Jesus acknowledges that he is the Messiah (John 4:25-26)

    3. The woman goes into the city and said “Come see a man, which told me all things that ever I did: is not this the Christ? (John 4:29)

    4. Lift up your eyes, the fields are white unto harvest (John 4:34-35)

    5. Two days with the Samaritans was enough to convince them “…That this is indeed the Saviour of the world” (John 4:42; I John 4:14)

      1. John is the only writer that uses the sweeping term, “The Saviour of the world”

Jesus in Jerusalem for a feast

  1. The angel that troubled the water (John 5:1-6)

    1. An impotent man healed and forgiven on the Sabbath day.

  2. When Jesus acknowledged the Father, the Jews understood that Jesus was declaring his Deity (John 5:17-18)

  3. All judgment is committed to the Son (John 5:22)

  4. To deny the Son is to deny the Father (John 5:23; 15:23; I John 2:23)

  5. Jesus will raise the dead (John 5:28-29)

    1. Both the righteous and the unrighteous on the last day (John 6:39-40; 44; 54; 12:48)

  6. Search the scriptures (John 5:39-40)

People followed Jesus for a varity of reasons:

  1. They saw the miracles which he did (John 6:2)

  2. For the food which he gave them (John 6:26)

  3. When Jesus challenged their thinking (they did not know exactly what he meant – but they were uncomfortable with it) they walked with him no more (John 6:66)

  4. Jesus turns unto the twelve, “Will ye also go away? And Peter answers Lord, to whom shall we go? Thou hast the words of eternal life” (John 6:67-68)

Jesus in Galilee (John 7:1-13)

  1. The brothers of Jesus did not believe in him (John 7:3-5)

  2. Later (after the death, burial and resurrection), they stood together with the disciples in the upper room (Acts 1:13-14)

Jesus in Jerusalem (John 7:14-10:39)

  1. Of a truth this is the prophet” (John 7:40; 6:14; Deuteronomy 18:15-18; Acts 3:22-26)

  2. There was division because of him (John 7:43; Luke 12:51)

  3. Never man spake like this man” (John 7:46)

  4. The woman taken in the act of adultery (John 8:1-11)

    1. Only the woman is brought before Jesus, thus demonstrating that justice was not the purpose for bringing the woman to Jesus. If she was caught in the act, then the man was present as well, and as guilty (Leviticus 20:10)

    2. Jesus wrote on the ground, the only occasion in the scriptures where that is said (John 8:6)

    3. Convicted by their own conscience, they walk away rather than cast the first stone (John 8:7-9)

  2. Jesus is the light of the world (John 8:12; 9:5)

  3. I say therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins” (John 8:24)

  4. Jesus always did the things that pleased the Father (John 8:29; 6:38)

  5. And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free” (John 8:32)

  6. Jesus invites his enemies to examine his life, “Which of you convinceth me of sin” (John 8:46)

  7. Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad (John 8:56; Matthew 22:32)

  8. The man born blind (John 9:1-38)

    1. Illness is not a sign of sin (John 9:2-3)

    2. The cowardly parents (John 9:20-23)

    3. The significance of this miracle (John 9:32)

  9. False teachers will try to enter church some other way (John 10:1-2)

  10. I am the door of the sheep (John 10:7; 9)

  11. Jesus came to give us life (John 10:10)

  12. I am the good Shepherd (John 10:11)

  13. One Shepherd, one fold (John 10:16)

  14. No one could take the life of Jesus, he voluntarily surrendered his life (John 10:18)

Jesus beyond Jordon (John 10:40-11:16)

  1. The ground work of John the Baptist led to the faith of many (John 10:40-42)

  2. The news of Lazarus falling ill (John 11:1-3)

  3. Jesus loved Mary, Martha and Lazarus (John 11:5)

Jesus in Bethany (John 11:17-12:11)

  1. Martha runs to meet Jesus and said, “…Lord, if thou had been here, my brother had not died. But I know, that even now, whatsoever thou wilt ask of God, God will give thee” (John 11:21-22)

  2. This prompts a beautiful truth. “I am the resurrection and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believeth thou this?” (John 11:25-26)

  3. Jesus wept (John 11:35)

  4. The raising of Lazarus from the dead (John 11:43-46)

  5. The chief priest and Pharisees assemble in near panic. “What do we? For this man doeth many miracles. If we leave him alone all men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away our place and nation” (John 11:47-48)

    1. So frightened at the prospects of people following Jesus that they seriously considered putting Lazarus to death (John 12:10).

  2. Judas, not at all what he seemed (John 12:5-6)

Jesus in Jerusalem (John 12:12 ff)

  1. Certain Greeks come to Philip with a desire “Sir, we would see Jesus” (John 12:20-21)

  2. Jesus is troubled as his time of death approaches (John 12:27)

  3. The Father acknowledges Jesus from heaven (John 12:28-31)

  4. The cross would be a magnet for humanity (John 12:32)

  5. The chief rulers believed on Jesus but would not confess him (John 12:42-43)

  6. The standard of judgment will be the words of Christ (John 12:48)

Jesus with the disciples in the upper room (John 13:1-17:26)

  1. Jesus teaches them what it means to be a servant, by washing the feet of the disciples (John 13:1-17)

  2. A new commandment – the love that is to exist between brethren (John 13:34-35)

  3. Rest assured, heaven will be a place prepared for us (John 14:1-3)

  4. No other way but Christ (John 14:6)

  5. To see Jesus is to see the Father (John 14:9)

  6. If you love me keep my commandments (John 14:15; 15:14)

  7. The promise of the Holy Spirit given to the apostles. The Holy Spirit would:

    1. Teach them all things, and bring all things to their remembrance (John 14:26)

    2. Guide them in all truth (John 16:13)

  2. The vine and the branches (John 15:1-6)

    1. Bearing fruit is not an option

  3. Whatsoever we ask in Jesus name, the Father will give us (John 16:23; I John 5:14-15)

  4. The joy and peace Jesus wants us to have (John 15:11; 16:33)

  5. Jesus came from heaven and he is going to return to heaven (John 16:28; II Corinthians 8:9; Hebrews 12:2)

  6. The Lord’s prayer (John 17:1-26)

    1. Jesus prayed for himself (John 17:1-8)

    2. For his disciples (John 17:9-19)

    3. For all who would come to believe through their word (John 17:20-26)

Jesus before Pilate (John 18:28-19:16)

  1. My kingdom is not of this world” (John 18:36). It is a spiritual kingdom (Colossians 1:13; Hebrews 12:28; Revelation 1:9)

  2. Pilate asks Jesus. “Art thou a king then?” Listen to the answer “Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice” (John 18:37)

  3. Pilate tries to claim the power to crucify or release Jesus, and Jesus immediately dispels that notion (John 19:10-11)

  4. Jesus buried in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathaea (John 19:38-42; Isaiah 53:9)

After the resurrection (John 20:1-21:25)

  1. The statement of Jesus: “touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father…”

  2. Doubting Thomas finally comes to understand (John 20:28)

  3. The touching scene at the sea of Tiberius (John 21:25)

    1. Peter, able to make amends for his denial (John 21:15-17)

    2. The manner of Peter’s death foretold (John 21:18-19; II Peter 1:14)

  2. The world would be unable to contain the book of everything Jesus did, but these were written, that we might know that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God (John 20:30-31; 21:25)